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Animals in Ontario

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Wildlife of Canada consists of 80,000 different species, flaura and fauna is calculated from five separate kingdoms plants (approximately 11%), fungi (16% recorded), protozoa (approximately 1%), chromist (approximately 4% recorded), animals (68% approximately recorded). A true spectacle for sightseeing animals in Ontario!

Canada consists of number of wild species as compared with any country in the world. There are around 400 species of birds in Ontario making it more beautiful for the viewers. Ontario’s forests, rivers, lakes open spaces are home of different species. Predators such as beaver, otters, mink, fox and wolf, waterfowl etc. are found here and also large mammals like black bear and moose are found here too.

Background of Ontario

Ontario is second largest part of Canada after Quebec. What type of animals lives here can be easily calculated by the weather conditions and geographical area. Ontario as most populous is home for more than one third of total Canada’s population. Ontario is wealthiest as it has a good share of country’s natural resources and most grown industrial economy.

Ontario is economic pacemaker of Canada and also contribute in national politics. Ontario is divided into two different regions that is the Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. Northern Ontario as the names states is located in north part and occupies larger area as it consists of large forest reserves, hydroelectric project which turn out to be a major economic resource. Southern Ontario consists of different type of lakes  and hence occupies gentle relief land.

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White-tailed Deer

American Black Bear

Little Brown Bat

Barn owl

Loggerhead Shrike


Green-winged Teal

Trumpeter Swan

Big Brown Bat

House Sparrow

White-tailed Deer

White-tailed deer

The first member of our list of animals in Ontario is the White-tailed deer. It is also known as Virginia deer, is medium sized and native of North America, Central America, South America. White tailed deer got its name due to the presence of white hairs under tail and rump. White-tailed deer has different sizes. It is found that its body is larger in cold climate and agricultural soil but smaller in desserts and tropics.

It has a reddish brown to grayish brown body and large ears. They love to live in open areas and forests. During summer time white-tailed deer is found in forest areas where the food is present more and in winter season they live in yards where they get proper food and protection from cold winds. They reproduce quickly and are capable of doubling their number in a year.

White tailed deer are herbivores or vegetarian as they feed on grasses and herbs, leafy material from plants and wood too. As in winter season there is shortage of food they change there diet to buds and twigs.

Places to look out for White-tailed deer:

Trois Lacs Outfitters, Lower St. Lawrence

Indian Point Camp, Dryden

Nestor Falls

American Black Bear

black bear in the forest

American black bears are medium sized found in North America including some parts of Mexico. White markings are found on their chest sometimes. American black bear consists of single species. they differ in color. Black bears are native of western north America.

The black bear is larger and range five to six feet in length. Male black bears weigh 70% heavier than female black bears. They have a small head which is further supported by strong neck. American black bears are classified as carnivores but they do have a omnivorous diet in general.

They mostly live in forests and hence need a forest habitat to survive. Their body is adapted in such a way that they can easily climb trees or even can dig for food. These black bears can even travel a long distance of up to around 200km and can even come back to the place from where they started.

Winter time is rest or hibernation time for black bears so in these times they spend most of their time in den. These dens have a lot of variety as hollow in a log, hollow under tree root or even a digger place in ground which they cover with leaves later on. They start to mate or reproduce in early summer that is June- July. Their most diet comes from plant material.

Places to look out for black bears:

Hudson Bay coast in the north

Chapleau Crown Game Preserve

Algonquin Provincial Park

Little Brown Bat

little brown bat

It is one of the most found among the other nineteen species of bats found in Canada. They weigh only seven to fourteen grams. Little brown bats are closely linked with humans as they make residence on buildings. Little brown bats do not move out from Canada but they can move up to 1000 km from summer start to winter end. They are true hibernator and so hibernate in winters. They use tree cavities or buildings tops to lay eggs.

Little brown bats feed on different variety of insects. They are so sharp and active as they can catch up to 1000 insects in a hour. They do feed mostly on insects having aquatic larval start. There is a common myth that bats are blind but little brown bats have a extreme strong vision.

These bats have a long life as compared to other small mammals and can live up to 10 years. They use echo to fly and find food. These also play important role as a predator of insects those fly in night. As we all now bats are nocturnal and hence can be found at the top of budlings or trees hanging downwards. A notable entry for this list of animals in Ontario.

Places to look out for Little brown bat in Ontario:

Moose Factory

Southern Ontario buildings and trees

Barn Owl

Animals in Connecticut owl

It is a different type of owl which is golden in colour having white heart shaped face found mostly in southern Ontario. It lacks ear tufts which are found in other owls present in Ontario. It is mid-sized and so grows 35 centimeters to 45 centimeters. It produces different type of noises, cries and screams. It cannot tolerate high temperature this is also the main reason that it is found in southern Ontario.

They make nests or live in abandoned buildings. It also lives in cavities and trees. It lives on its main nest for a year then go out for hunting rodents in fields, meadows, orchards and grasslands etc.  Due to urbanization these owls are getting endangered. They’re hearing sense is where sharp due to which the get their food by hunting small animals on land. They have a high metabolic rate and consume a lot of rodents depending on their size.

They save food at roosting sites so they can feed on them when there is scarcity of food this is also that reason that these owls are most economically valuable animals. Another worthy mention in our list of animals in Ontario.

Places to look out Barn owl in Ontario:

Southern Ontario

British Colombia

Loggerhead Shrike

Loggerhead shrike - Animals in Ontario

Say hello to our next entry for this list of animals in Ontario. The loggerhead shrike is a robin sized bird that’s hunts small insects, animals and birds. Among the 11 subspecies of longhead shrike 2 are found in Canada. Subspecies have similar appearance as the wings are black and white, back is greyish, chest and belly area are white, and tail is black with white stripes present on the sides. These birds have a heavy and longer head as compared to the whole size of body so their name comes out to be loggerhead shrike. The adult loggerhead shrikes is about 21 centimeters long and weigh about 47.5 grams.

Male and female loggerheads shrikes produce different range of noises which consists of unmusical series of notes during spring courtship period. It usually lives on fence posts, wires or dead branches. When looking out for prey or hunting Loggerhead shrike lays down. They kill their prey by cutting their necks. They are usually found in grassland or agricultural lands. In the spring season they travel in march and April.

They mostly travel alone and during night. They mainly feed on insects. They start breeding after any year old. Male and female shrike together find nest site but only female shrike build nest alone. It is a very useful and interesting bird as it eats most of the pests from agricultural crops. Shrikes do differ from one another by there eating habits.

Where loggerhead shrike can be found in Ontario ?

The Carden Plain north

Napanee Limestone Plain.


Fishers are weasel-like animals and members of the mustelid family and they are the next animals in Ontario we’ll take a look at. Fisher are also known as hunting machines.

They are carnivores and hence feed on variety of animals. They are also known as pet killers. Fishers eat many prey animals but they are well known hunters of porcupine. Fisher has a wedge-shaped head, sharp claws, short and heavy legs. Adult male fisher has weight of 8 to 12 lbs. while female adult fisher has a weight of 4 to 6 lbs. Fisher use anal gland and small glands present on hind paws to mark their territories. Their fur’s change with the season. Fishers can climb long trees very easily.

Where can one find Fisher’s in Ontario ?

Frontenac Provincial Park

Temperate forests

Coniferous habitats

Parry Sound area

Manitoulin Island

Bruce Peninsula

Green-winged Teal

Green-winged Teal

The green-winged teal is a very small bird as compared to other birds and is found in north America. They love to live in shallow ponds with lots of vegetation. Their diet changes and depends on availability of food. They mostly eat aquatic animals and insects. They are also known as dabbling ducks.

Female green-winged teal select nest site in dense vegetation and lay around 10/12 eggs at the rate of 1 egg perm day. As compared to other dabblers green winged teal like to live in boreal forests. It is a short-distance migrant. It is widely present and very well distributed in Canada. Male green-winged teal have a green patch around eye with brown head, greyish body and creamy breast.

Female green-winged teal are overall darker as compared to other dabbling ducks. They walk around muddy area to feed. It is smallest and fastest as compared to other ducks.They always travel in flocks with great speed. They mostly reply on animal matter such as mollusks, crustaceans, larvae etc. They are boreal and parkland breeder. It is third most abundant breeder in the Arctic.

Where can one find green-winged teal?

Bird Sanctuary

Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter swan are very large as average male weighs 26 pounds. They need open water to for run across. When they are three to four years old form pair bonding. This pair made stay together throughout year even while moving in migratory populations. It is found that trumpeter swan mates for life those who lost their partner do not mate again. Trumpeter swan takes a different approach towards incubation as they warm their eggs by covering them under their webbed feet. Its scientific name is Cygnus buccinator. It is heaviest bird native of North America.

They breed mostly in pristine wetlands, slow rivers, lakes, shallow ponds etc. They prefer residing at wide watery enough spaces so they are float easily from one place to another, unpolluted water, good accessibility of food and little or no human disturbance. They migrate in V-shaped flocks. These birds feed while swimming in water or may go down to have submerged food. The major part of their diet includes aquatic plants.

Trumpeter swans will eat both leaves and stems of submerged and visible vegetation. In winters they are also found eating grasses and grains. They prepare for breeding season in spring so there feeding activity and weight changes. Male trumpeter swan are called cobs, juvenile are called cygnets and female swans are called pens. Male trumpeter swan weight 9 to 14kg and generally larger than 9-12kg but has no difference in coloration between them.

Where trumpeter swan can be found in Ontario ?

Wye Marsh

Marshes of lakes Ontario, Erie and St. Clair

Lake Simcoe

Kenora District of Ontario

Big Brown Bat

Big brown bat - Animals in Ontario

It is the most common and most abundant bat of North America and is one among the 18 species found in Canada. They have brown fur on them and measures 9 to 14 centimeters in length, weighs 11 to 25 grams. The big brown bat can be found in Southern Canada, Colombia and Venezuela.

This species can be found in different habitats but is mostly found in deciduous forests. This species is very well adapted to human beings it commonly found in large and small cities. It hibernates in churches, houses, mines etc.  in winter season while some of the big brown cat hibernates in tree cavities and rock cervices.

It is not at a risk of extinction so its conservation is not much concerned or focused. But these species do face some serious clash with humans as they live in budlings or we can say in manmade structures. Big brown bat is insectivorous as they eat many kinds of insects including stone flies, mayflies, true bugs, beetles, scorpion flies, cockroaches etc.

They are widely spread over southern parts of Ontario. Their antibodies are used to cure rabies as these species of bats provide immunity so farmers in Ontario use bat boxes to attract them to their lands. Human being’s baby weigh about 6 percent of it mother’s weight but surprisingly newborn little brown bat weighs 25 percent of its mother weight. They are prone to white nose syndrome.

Where can one fin Big Brown Bat in Ontario?

West Kootenay

Happy Valley Forest

Ottawa Valley

Southern Norfolk Sand Plain

Rice Lake Plains

House Sparrow

House Sparrow - Animals in Ontario

It is a very social bird found in Ontario. It is small bird having 16cm length and 24-32g weight. Male house sparrow has brighter black, brown and white marks while female house sparrow and young ones are greyish and brown colored. House sparrow has strong bonding with human beings and so are found living in urban and rural areas.

It is found in wide variety of habitats. Its diet includes mostly grain seeds and weeds but also eat some insects too. Due to its social nature, it is kept as pet for domestic purpose and also in agricultural fields for controlling pests. They start breeding in march season and hence start finding sites to build nests.

They mostly eat insects due to young sparrows while rest of the year they enjoy variety of diet. House sparrow being a very social bird is also involved in social activities such as water bathing and social singing. Their annual survival is 45-65%. They are also a host to so many diseases and parasites.

It is also used as food item several years ago. They are closely attached to human beings and live less in forests. Male house sparrow and female house sparrow somewhat look similar. They build their own nest but it is recorded that they sometimes occupy nests of other birds. It is a food source of other predator animals. Like most of the other birds they love to eat grains and are also seen eating bread pieces, popcorn , rice etc. in amusement parks.

Where can one fin house sparrow in Ontario? 

Houses / Buildings


Shrubby and open areas

Amusement Park

Summary of Animals in Ontario

Ontario consists of wide variety of animals which can be found either on land or air or in water. We hope you enjoyed our educative the list of animals in Ontario. Check out top 10 strongest animals and top 10 most poisonous animals in the world next!

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