African Elephant Vs. Przewalski’s Horse

While both belong to a large group of animals with similar features (ungulates), their behaviors, physical attributes, and diets differ significantly. Ungulates = Hoofed mammals.

The African Elephant is called a Loxodonta africana. The Przewalski horse is called a Equus przewalskii. 

Scientific Name

The African Elephant live in forests, savannas, and the deserts of Africa.  Their conservation status is Vulnerable. The Przewalski live on the Steppes, grasslands, and deserts of Asia. Their conservation status is Endangered.


The African Elephant is around 4 meters tall and weights up to 6,000 kg.  The Przwwalski horse is around 1.5 meters tall and weights up to 400kg.

Size and Weight

They are both herbivores. The African Elephant lives up to 70 years and the Przewalski horse up to 25 years.

Diet and Lifespan

The African Elephant lives in herds and is lead by a matriarchal female. The Przewalski horse live in social groups of stallion, mares, and their offspring.

Social Structure

The elephant’s trunk is a versatile tool for grasping food, sucking up water, and communicating with others. Similarly, the Przewalski’s horse’s mane helps protect its neck from the elements and plays a role in social interaction.


African elephants are known for their intelligence, long memory, and social bonds, while Przewalski’s horses are known for their independence, curiosity, and boldness.


The African elephant, a symbol of strength and grace, is hunted by lions, hyenas, and occasionally crocodiles, particularly the young elephants. Przewalski’s rare and endangered horse faces threats from wolves, lynxes, and foxes in its native Mongolian grasslands.


African elephants have elaborate courtship rituals. The male elephant performs a series of behaviors to attract a female. Once a pair has formed, they will mate frequently, often in secret locations away from the rest of the herd. Przewalski’s horses form monogamous pairs and mate for life and produce offspring each year.


Both species require conservation efforts to ensure their continued existence. They share traits that make researching them intriguingly fascinating.

Wrapping Up

Learn more about these remarkable animals!

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