By Josie January 11th, 2023
Falcons can be found worldwide in many habitats
They reside everywhere, even the Arctic tundra and the desert
Some species flourish in increasingly urban settings e.g parks, gardens & crowded cities
Each species has a different preference for its habitat.
Hawks can quickly adapt to any surroundings, but research has shown that they prefer an open habitat.
Hawk species variety is much greater across South America and Africa than the remainder of their range.
These include deserts and fields, where it is more probable that they will find prey.
Falcons are monogamous and repeatedly breed with the same mate.
They prefer to nest in tree hollows, but can skilfully nest on cliff ledges and artificial structures like building ledges.
Male falcons search for prey, females are solely responsible for the 1-month incubation.
Males and females will fly in sync as they circle.
For about a month before they hatch, the male and female will tend to and care for the eggs.
They will continue doing this until the male catches the female, and they start to free fall to the ground.
A female hawk will typically lay five eggs in a year.
Falcon birds can range from 13 to 23 inches in length.
Typically they weigh 1.5 to 3.3 pounds.
Wings are pointed, slender and long.
The Peregrine falcon has the largest wingspan of 29-47 in.
In general, Hawks are smaller birds and have shorter wings than falcons.
A hawks’ wingspan ranges from 26 to 63 inches.
Their length can vary from 12 to 28 inches.
The smallest species weighs 9.5 ounces, whereas the largest clock 4.4 pounds.
Falcons are carnivores and only feed on meat.
While different species pursue different kinds of prey, most are opportunists and follow whatever is available.
Hawks are also carnivores and consume a variety of smaller animals such as snakes, lizards, fish, mice, rabbits, squirrels and birds.
Falcons are much faster than hawks.
The peregrine falcon is the fastest bird in the world and can reach speeds of 200 mph
The falcon has wings that are perfect for high-speed stopping and diving.
Falcons rip their prey to pieces with their beaks.
A hawk flutters its wings softly while circling or flapping momentarily before gliding.
An average hawk has a top speed of 40 mph (as opposed to the falcon's 60 mph).
Hawks both catch and kill their prey with their claws.