By Josie June 2nd, 2023
They measure 18 to 27 inches in length and a weight ranging from 5.5 to 20 pounds.
This compact size helps reduce heat loss.
It also provides excellent protection from predators and allowing for efficient hunting.
Its white fur acts as an insulating layer against icy temperatures.
Its short ears and snout help minimize heat loss to prevent frostbite.
Similarly, its furry paws act as natural snowshoes, allowing it to traverse the snowy landscape easily.
The arctic fox is found across the northern hemisphere, inhabiting the Arctic regions of North America, Greenland, Europe, and Asia.
It prefers habitats characterized by low-lying vegetation, such as mosses, lichens, and dwarf shrubs.
These types of plants provide cover and serve as potential den sites.
The primary food source for Arctic foxes is the lemming, a small rodent
If they're scarce, they eat voles, birds, eggs, fish, and even carrion.
It uses its acute hearing, to locate prey beneath the snow or ice.
Once a prey is detected, it pounces on its unsuspecting victims with remarkable precision.
It is known to cache excess food -they bury it beneath the snow (acting as a freezer) to sustain itself during leaner times.
These monogamous animals typically form pairs that last for several years.
Cooperative parenting behavior is crucial for the survival of the pups in the icy Arctic.
The Arctic fox’s habitat is under threat due to climate change.
Rising temperatures and melting sea ice pose significant challenges to this species.