By Josie June 6th, 2023
Males can measure up to 10-13 feet in height and weigh as much as 14,000 pounds.
This makes them the largest land animal in the world.
Their family groups, herds, are typically led by a matriarch, an experienced older female.
They have a complex family structure that is fascinating to study.
When a new member is born, the other herd members come together to assist in nurturing and caring.
Elephants can recognize their family members even after they’ve been separated for many years.
These majestic creatures are known as “ecosystem engineers” because they extensively shape and affect the environment around them – much more than any other species.
Elephants are renowned for their trumpeting, rumbles, roars, barks, and even snorts.
Elephants will often greet each other by entwining their trunks or giving each other gentle bumps.
They also use seismic communication, which involves generating low-frequency vibrations in the ground by pounding their feet or hitting the ground with their trunks.
Elephants use a variety of body movements and postures to convey messages, it might signal aggression by raising its head and spreading its ears.
They possess a highly developed sense of smell, which they use to identify individuals, detect predators, or find potential mates.