Skip to Content

Animals in Texas

Sharing is caring!

Welcome to Animals in Texas.

Texas consists of more than 800 different types of habitats. It also includes 540 species of bird and 142 species of amphibians, mammals and other animals. Texas is also known as the battiest state as it is home for 32 species of bats. Its predators include cougars, wolves and ocelots. While it boasts rodents like squirrels, porcupines, pocket gophers and nutria.

texas animals in texas

Woody areas contains common forest mammals like badgers, black bears, bobcats. Birds like owls, eagles and kestrels are found. In mountain areas one can find flying squirrels, river otters and hawks. Arid desert region are home to world’s rarest reptiles and amphibians. Some unique and weird critters like rat-snake, shrink lizard can also be found here in Texas.

Texas is also home to whistling duck, blind salamander and the Gulf stone crab. The coastline is for 350 miles. Coastline includes world largest barrier island, South Padre Island. The shoreline is also home for different marine animals which includes roseate spoonbills, alligators, sea turtles, crabs etc. 

Click below to jump to a section on animals in Texas:





Fox Squirrel


Coyotes: animals in Texas

Coyote belongs to North America and is a species of canine. It is smaller in size than its relative wolf. It was referred to as American jack by a behavioural ecologist and some other historical name of coyote includes brush wolf and prairie wolf. It is widely distributed and abundant through North America. It is also found that it is increasing its range to urban areas in United states and Canada.

Subspecies of coyote which are recognised till now are 19. Male coyote has weight of around 8 to 20 kgs and female coyote has weight of 7 to 18 kg. Fur appears to be having light greyish colour. Coyote is generally carnivorous so its diet includes rabbits, hares, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates, fish, deer. It is also found to be eating vegetables and fruits occasionally. It produces sound of a howl alone. Human beings are big threat to coyotes.

Coyotes are sometimes mating with eastern, red or grey wolves which produce hybrids known as coy-wolf.  They are found to be mating between January and March. Female coyotes produce four to seven small ones after gestation period of 58 to 65 days. Birth takes place in burrows made underground by parent coyote. Mostly the burrows are made at place with good drainage to avoid heavy rainfall and  also from where the parent coyote can easily keep an eye on surrounding against any predator or danger.

The young coyotes are born blind and start coming out from dens in two or three weeks. After this both parents feed and care the young coyotes. They live in territories and both parents protect them too. These territories are marked with faeces and urine. Howling of coyote assures that the territory is occupied. These territories have a range of 10-40 square km. Coyotes have a life span of 21 years. Their main cause of death is getting killed by human beings for its fur also some infectious diseases like rabies, canine distemper, mange are also the cause of their death.  

Where can one find Coyotes in Texas? 

Due to their fast adaptation and different diet, they can be easily found in urban and suburban landscapes where food is present a lot. Coyotes feed on small animals like rats, rabbits, garbage, carrion, other plants and berries amongst other animals in Texas.



It is also known as an American antelope. Pronghorn is the only animals which has branching in its horns and sheds it annually as compared to other animals. Pronghorn is found in open plains and semi deserts. It appears to be reddish brown and white in colour. White coloured two bands are found on the throat region, dark brown mane with white underparts. Rump patches can be found to be suddenly erected that gives warning of danger to other pronghorns.

Male pronghorn is 40kg in weight while the female pronghorns is less than 40kgs. In standing position pronghorns have a length of about 80 to 100 cm. As they are faster as compared to other antelope, they have a speed of about 70 km per hour. Pronghorns have eyes large as that of elephants this is the reason that they have very strong vision and can easily identify predators up to 1km distance. Both male and female pronghorn has horns.

Males are found to be have larger horns which gets branched further among which the longer prong gets curved backward and shorter one on the front side. Later bucks shed away their horns in October after the end of mating season. There is also a short mating season in end of summer and fall. They use summer vegetation to restore they energy which is spent during mating season. They have a very large gestation period of about 250 days. Twin births are very normal in prong horns as the female implants half dozen or more embryos. 

Where can one find Pronghorns in Texas?

It is found commonly in Texas only in Trans-Pecos deserts and also in the high plains of Panhandle. Pronghorn is a very different animal in many ways. Marfa and Fort Davis are considered to be one of best places to see Pronghorns in Texas. 


cougar: animals in texas

The cougar (Puma concolor) is the largest cat born in the United States. Its range extends from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America and is the most widespread of any major mammal in the Western Hemisphere. It is a flexible, common type, found in many parts of America. Because of its wide range, it has many names including mountain lion, puma, catamount, painter and panther.

The cougar is the second largest cat after the jaguar (Panthera onca). As secretive and especially solitary in nature, cougar is considered appropriate both night and crepuscular, although daytime appearances do occur. Despite its size, the cougar is more closely related to the domestic cat (Felis catus) and small cat than any other subfamily Pantherinae species. The cougar is a predator that chases a variety of prey.

The main food sources are ungulates, especially deer, but they also hunt insects and rodents. It prefers nesting in areas with a low brush and rocky areas to follow, but also lives in open spaces. The cougar is local and lives in densely populated areas. The size of each home depends on the location, the vegetation and the number of predators. Although large, it is not always a predator that kills itself in cages, black American bears, grizzly bears, herds of wolves or coyotes, and Florida to American alligators. It is uninhabited and very protective of people.

Deadly human attacks are not uncommon, but they are increasing in North America as more and more people enter the cougar area and build farms. In particular, the Eastern cougar population is considered to be the most endangered species in eastern North America in the early 20th century, with the exception of the Florida panther subpopulation. The cougar’s head is round and the ears are straight. Its powerful forearm, neck, and jaw help to hold and handle large prey. It has four retractable claws on its hind legs and five on the front zippers, one of which is dew. Larger forelegs and claws are a means of catching prey.

Cougars are thin and quick members of Felidae. Adults are about 60 to 90 inches tall at the shoulders. Adult males have a length about 2.4 m   from nose to tail end, and females average 2.05 m with a total width of between 1.50 and 2.75 m. cries to tail suggested general type. At this height, the tail usually covers 63 to 95 cm. Males generally weigh 53 to 100 kg, an average of 68 kg (150 lb.). Women usually weigh between 29 and 64 kg, an average of 55 kg. The size of the cougar is very small near the equator and large near the couches.

The largest recorded cougar, shot in 1901, weighed 105.2 kg; Claims of 125.2 kg and 118 kg have been reported, though they may have been exaggerated. On average, the adult male cougars of British Columbia weigh 56.7 kg and the adult female 45.4 kg, although several male cougars of British Columbia weigh between 86.4 and 95.5 kg. Depending on the area, cougars may be smaller or larger than jaguars, but they have smaller muscles and are less aggressive, so their weight, on average, is smaller.

Although cougar tends to be larger as the distance rises from the equator, across the northern part of South America, jaguars are generally smaller north of the Amazon River in South America and larger in the south. For example, while South American jaguars are relatively large, and may exceed 90 kg, the North American jaguars in the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve of Mexico weighs an average of 50 kg, approximately equal to the female cougars.

Where can one find Cougars in Texas?

The coat is usually tawny, but comes in silvery-grey or red with light spots on the underside, including the jaw, chin, and throat. Babies are seen and born with blue eyes and rings on their tails; babies are pale and dark spots remain on their sides.

A leucitic person was spotted in Serra National Park in Rio de Janeiro in 2013 while filming a camera, indicating that there are rare white couches that are very rare in animal species. The cougar has large hooves and equally has large hind legs on the Felidae, allowing for its high jumping speed and short speed. It can jump from a height of 5.5 m (18 ft) to a tree.


alligator: animals in texas

It is a crocodile in the Alligator genus of the family Alligatoridae. Two extant species are the American crocodile and the Chinese crocodile. In addition, several extinct species of alligators are known for fossil fuels. Crocodiles first appeared in the Oligocene period about 37 million years ago. Large male alligators are solitary animals.

Small alligators are often found in large numbers next to each other. The largest species (both male and female) defend the primary area; small crocodiles have higher tolerance for other alligators within the same size category. Alligators roam the earth in two “sprawl” and “high-altitude” ways. The sprawl moves forward when the abdomen comes in contact with the ground and is used to switch to a “high-speed” or slide over a wet substrate in water. The upper extremity is the movement of the top-of-the-leg forward legs used for walking on the ground with the abdomen high from the ground.

Although the alligators has a heavier body and slower metabolism, it can accelerate, especially in very short lungs. The main alligators are small animals that can kill and eat with a single bite. They may kill a large animal by catching it and dragging it across the water to drown. Alligators eat food that can not be eaten by biting and allowing it to rot or bite and form a “death roll“, twisting or shaking violently until they have torn parts the size of the bite.

Most importantly in the alligators’ ability to launch a death roll, the tail must bend to a critical angle relative to its body. A alligators with a motionless tail cannot make a death roll. Many muscles in the alligators’ jaw flexed to catch and catch prey. As a result, the adult is able to close the jaws of an empty crocodile. It is common to use a few caps of duct tape to prevent the old crocodile from opening its jaws when touched or moved.

alligators are generally fearful of humans and often walk or swim when approached. This may encourage people to get close to alligators and their nests, which may cause the animals to attack. In Florida, feeding wild crocodiles at any time is illegal. When fed, alligators will eventually overcome fear of man and learn to associate humans with food.

Where can one find Alligators in Texas?

In Texas, the American alligators stretches from the Sabine River in East Texas to the Gulf of Mexico across the coastal wetlands to Rio Grande and west to Interstate 35. This list includes about 120 regions with the highest concentrations occurring along the Gulf Coastal Plains.

Fox Squirrel

Fox squirrel

Fox squirrels are squirrels of large trees. Because of their ability to adapt to many forest habitats, they have become the most common Texas squirrel. Its largest quantity is found in the open forest with a mixture of oak and nut trees. Squirrels usually work very early in the morning and in the afternoon. Fox squirrels live in hollows of trees or build leaves and nests in branches. They eat acorns and other nuts, leaves, fruits, fungi, insects, aquatic animals and tree bark.

Squirrels burrow nuts to provide winter food and migrate the nuts to their senses. Squirrels get a portion of the nuts they consume and are important for planting many varieties of nut trees. One squirrel can bury a few thousand pecans within 3 months. Long squirrel tails have been used for a variety of purposes. They can be wrapped around the squirrel’s face to keep them warm, used as an aid to balance when running on tree levels, or spread out and used as a parachute should the squirrel fall.

With a little practice, watching the squirrel’s tail move gives you a clue to its feel. Rapid tail wagging indicates that they are nervous or upset. The breeding season peaks in January and February and again in May and June. Young ones, usually 3 – 4 litter years old, are born naked, blind and helpless. However, after only three months, they are able to live on their own. Squirrels can live up to 15 years. 

Where can one find Fox Squirrels in Texas?

Fox squirrels prefer solid wooded woodlands that produce nuts. They are found in forests and rivers and streams east of two-thirds of Texas and the eastern part of the United States. Fox squirrels is an important game animal in Texas as well as many other states.

Proper forest management practices can help squirrels. This includes abandoning trees that produce old nuts that are important for food and cave areas. Tree tunnels through dense open jungle allow squirrels a safe way to get food and friends.

Summary Animals in Texas

The diverse geography of Texas, the second largest country, offers a wide variety of habitats for mammals. The country varies from swampy, Piney Woods to the east, rocky hills and limestone karst in the middle of the Hill Country of the Edward Plateau, the southern and western deserts, the far-western (Trans-Pecos), and grassy areas to the north, also known as the grasslands. Panhandle.

YouTube video

Many regional rivers, including the Rio Grande, the Colorado River, and the Trinity River, also supply a wide variety of river systems. Its central location in the United States means that species found mainly in the western or eastern parts of the country tend to have their own range that meets in the province. In addition, its proximity to Mexico is such that many species of animals found there and in Central America also travel as far north as Texas. 

If you enjoyed reading about animals in Texas, check out animals in Tennessee and animals in South Carolina next!

Sharing is caring!