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15 Animals That Can Survive in Extreme Temperatures

15 Animals That Can Survive in Extreme Temperatures by Animals Around The Globe

Nature is full of extraordinary animals that have evolved to thrive in the most extreme environments on Earth. From the scorching deserts to the icy polar regions, these animals showcase the incredible adaptability of life. Here, we explore 15 remarkable animals that can survive in extreme temperatures.

1. Arctic Fox

artic fox
Artic fox sitting in the snow. Image via Unsplash

The Arctic fox is well-adapted to the frigid Arctic climate, with thick fur and a compact body that minimizes heat loss. It can endure temperatures as low as -58°F (-50°C).

2. Desert Tortoise

Desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in Mojave Desert, southern California.

Desert tortoises can survive the intense heat of the southwestern United States, using burrows to escape temperatures that can exceed 140°F (60°C). They also have the ability to store water for long periods.

3. Emperor Penguin

Emperor Penguin Parents with Chick.
© Pixabay:

Emperor penguins brave the harsh Antarctic winters, with temperatures dropping to -76°F (-60°C). They huddle together in large groups to conserve warmth.

4. Fennec Fox

Fennec Fox
A few Fennec Foxes laying on top of a rock. Image by Zetong Li via Unsplash

The fennec fox lives in the Sahara Desert, where daytime temperatures can soar above 120°F (49°C). Its large ears dissipate heat, and it stays cool by being nocturnal.

5. Yak

Black yak on the way to Everest base camp and mount Kongde – Nepal. Image via Depositphotos

Yaks are native to the Himalayas, where they thrive in cold temperatures that can drop below -40°F (-40°C). Their thick woolly coats provide insulation against the cold.

6. Thorny Devil

Thorny Devil
Thorny devil hunting for ants. Image via Stu’s Images, CC BY-SA 4.0,, via Wikimedia Commons

The thorny devil lives in the Australian outback, enduring temperatures over 100°F (38°C). It absorbs water through its skin from dew and rain.

7. Polar Bear

Wild polar bear on pack ice in Arctic. Image via Depositphotos

Polar bears are built for the Arctic cold, with a layer of fat and thick fur keeping them warm in temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C). Their black skin absorbs heat from the sun.

8. Saharan Silver Ant

Saharan Silver Ants. Image by Bjørn Christian Tørrissen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Saharan silver ants can tolerate some of the hottest temperatures on Earth, up to 128.5°F (53.6°C). They forage for food during the hottest part of the day when predators are least active.

9. Snow Leopard

snow leopard
Snow Leopard stalking prey. Image by actionsports via Depositphotos.

Snow leopards inhabit the cold mountainous regions of Central and South Asia, surviving temperatures as low as -30°F (-34°C). Their thick fur and long tails help them stay warm.

10. Camel

Camel in desert
Camel in Disco Tower, Nuweibaa, South Sinai, Egypt. Image via لا روسا, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Camels are iconic desert dwellers, capable of withstanding temperatures over 120°F (49°C). They conserve water by producing highly concentrated urine and dry feces.

11. Wood Frog

Wood Frogs
A wood frog. Image by Jared Evans on Unsplash.

Wood frogs can survive freezing temperatures by entering a state of suspended animation. They produce antifreeze-like compounds that prevent ice from forming in their cells.

12. Gila Monster

Gila monster poison lizard. Image by DesignPicsInc on depositphotos.

The Gila monster lives in the deserts of the southwestern United States and Mexico, enduring temperatures over 100°F (38°C). It spends much of its time in burrows to stay cool.

13. Reindeer

Strolling Reindeer
Strolling Reindeer by Alexandre Buisse (Nattfodd) – self-made (, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Reindeer, or caribou, thrive in the Arctic and subarctic regions, withstanding temperatures as low as -50°F (-45°C). Their hollow fur fibers provide excellent insulation.

14. Kangaroo Rat

Baby Kangaroo
Kangaroo with baby in pouch. Image by Melanie de Coster via Unsplash

The kangaroo rat survives the hot, dry deserts of North America without drinking water. It gets moisture from the seeds it eats and conserves water through its efficient kidneys.

15. Weddell Seal

Weddell seal lying on bed. Roger Hewitt, NOAA NMFS SWFSC, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Weddell seals are found in Antarctica, where they endure temperatures below -40°F (-40°C). Their thick blubber layer insulates them from the cold, and they can hold their breath for long dives under the ice.

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