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Animals and Wildlife in the Bahamas

The Bahamas is known for its beautiful landscapes and diverse animal and wildlife species. Unfortunately many of these animals are endangered and threatened, a tragedy you can help reverse by reading more about these endangered animals and how to help them, another one of our articles.


Stretching across 100,000 square miles of the Caribbean, the Bahamas incorporates more than 700 islands and is home to the third-biggest boundary reef.

Click below to jump to any section on the animals in the Bahamas:

Key points

AnimalKey PointsHabitatThreat Status
Piping Plover– Small plover with a pale back that matches white sand beaches
– North American specialty, endangered or threatened species
Small islands, shoals, sandbars, tidal flatsEndangered or threatened species
Greater Flamingo– Pink birds found in warm, watery regions
– Fluid swimmers and feed in mud flats
– Filter food from water with bills
Salt or alkaline lakes, estuaries, tidal flats, mudflatsNot specified
Sea Star– Over 1,600 species occurring in all oceans
– Regenerate arms if lost
– Feed using arm grooves
Various depths and bottom compositions in the oceanNot specified
Bahama Swallow– Medium-sized swallow with green and white upper parts and blue wings
Endangered species
Pine islands, forest clearings, swamps, farms, coastal areasEndangered species

Wildlife in The Bahamas

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A significant part of the Bahamas untamed wildlife is open to geusts through guided tours, or even through chance encounters along the strips of beaches. Because access is not always restricted to this bountiful landscape tourists should always be mindfull of the nevironment they are in, even when they are lounging on public beaches.

Imagine this scene: You are emanating warmth on one of the bright white beaches, toes digging into the warm sand. You watch the shimmering water, slow and smooth, and the extraordinary natural life that these islands contain blows your mind.
These 700 islands, each being bits of a kaleidoscope, are dynamic and mind-blowing.

The islands are truly breathtaking, with sea shores that help you to remember paradise, mouth watering food, locals that call out to you as if you were family, and a magnificent landscape.
The warm climate calls even the most inactive to take a dip in the crystal clear waters and with its wild expanse it calls to thrill seekers and anceturers. Truly a paradise on earth!

Charming and captivating, these islands have a profound and wide assortment of natural life. From rich marine life to oneshore excitement, all of which only add to the value of this beautiful spot.

Piping Plover

piping plover animals in the bahamas
Scientific NameCharadrius melodus
SizeApproximately 6-7 inches (15-18 cm)
WeightAround 1.2 ounces (34 grams)
WingspanApproximately 15 inches (38 cm)
HabitatCoastal areas, including beaches, sandbars, and tidal flats in the Bahamas
RangeNorth America, with some individuals reaching Mexico during winter
StatusEndangered or threatened species throughout its range
FeedingDiet includes insects, marine worms, and small shellfish
ReproductionNest in shallow scrapes in sand
BehaviorRun a few steps, stop, and peck at the ground for food
ConservationGuided visits and conservation efforts to increase awareness and protect the species

A little plover with a concise bill. Its pale back matches the white sand sea shores and soluble base pads that it occupies. While numerous shorebirds have wide dispersions, this one is a North American forte, scarcely stretching out into Mexico in winter. Many of its settling regions depend on how undisturbed by human activity the landscape is or different dangers, such as predatores, and it is currently viewed as an imperiled or undermined species in all pieces of its reach.

Commonly they run a couple of steps and then stop, then, at that point, run again, pecking at the ground at whatever point they spot something eatable. Will now and again hold one foot forward and rearrange it quickly over the outer layer of sand or mud as though to frighten little animals into moving. Downy youth may leave home a only a couple of hours after beign born. The young are quite capable and are able to fend for themselves.

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The male and female Piping Plovers take turns sitting on the eggs to keep them warm in the cool weather. However, after a few days, the female often leaves the young ones to the male’s care. We don’t know exactly how long it takes for the young birds to grow up, but they are able to fly between 21 to 35 days after hatching.

Piping Plovers have a varied diet, which includes insects, marine worms, and shellfish. When they are near the coast, they feed on marine worms, small shellfish, and other tiny marine creatures. Inland, they mainly eat bugs like small insects, water boatmen, shore flies, midges, and many others.

During breeding season, male Piping Plovers put on a show by flying over their nesting area with slow wingbeats and making a distinct piping sound. On the ground, the male approaches the female, stands upright with an extended neck, and quickly stamps its feet with unusual high-stepping movements. They build their nests on the open ground, a bit far from the water, usually with large stones or patches of grass nearby, but they don’t have direct shelter or shade. They may even nest close to other bird colonies. The nest is a shallow scratch in the sand, sometimes lined with tiny shells and rocks.

Piping Plovers have a unique way of moving on the beach. They run a few steps, then stop, and then run again while pecking at the ground whenever they find something edible. Sometimes, they lift one foot forward and shuffle it quickly over the sand or mud, as if trying to scare small creatures into moving. The young birds leave the nest a few hours after hatching and learn to find food for themselves.

Where to find piping plovers in the Bahamas

If you want to see piping plovers in the Bahamas, you can find them in various habitats such as small islands, shoals, sandbars, sand spits, and tidal flats, along with other animals that share the same environments.

Greater Flamingo

Scientific NamePhoenicopterus roseus
SizeHeight: 3.9-4.6 feet (120-140 cm)
WeightAround 5.5-7.7 pounds (2.5-3.5 kg)
WingspanApproximately 4.6-5.6 feet (140-170 cm)
HabitatSalt or alkaline lakes, estuaries, shallow coastal lagoons, mudflats
RangeWarm, watery regions across different continents
StatusNot specified
FeedingDiet consists of small organisms like shrimp, fish, and fly larvae
ReproductionBreed in large colonies, with couples taking turns incubating a single egg
Plumage ColorYoung flamingos are born with gray and white plumage, but they turn pink gradually
BehaviorFeed by stirring up the bottom with their webbed feet and filtering food from water
ConservationNot specified

These beautiful pink birds can be found in warm, watery regions across different continents. They prefer habitats like estuaries, saline or alkaline lakes, and other similar areas. Despite their elegant appearance, flamingos are surprisingly agile swimmers, but they thrive in the expansive mud flats where they breed and feed. In fact, they are often the tallest pink birds you’ll see in any given area. These Birds are also the largest flock of migrating Birds! A point that you can further explore with another one of our articles!

Flamingos have long, slender necks and distinctive bills with a downward curve and dark tips. Their curved bills allow them to feed on small creatures such as tiny fish, shrimp, and fly larvae. They use their long legs and webbed feet to stir up the bottom in muddy or shallow water, and then they cover their bills (or even their entire heads) to suck up mud and water, extracting the nutritious morsels within.

The bill of a flamingo is uniquely designed like a filter, allowing them to strain food from the water before swallowing it. The pink color of flamingos comes from the shrimp-like organisms they consume. However, in captivity, their diet needs to be supplemented to maintain their vibrant pink hue.

Greater flamingos live and feed in groups called herds or flocks. Being in larger groups provides them with safety, as they can protect each other from potential threats while their heads are down in the mud. They also breed in these gatherings, with a couple taking turns incubating their single egg. If you want to see the largest Gathering of flamingos, check out this article about the infamous Lake Nakuru.

Young flamingos are born with a dark and white plumage and only develop their iconic pink color over time. In dry conditions or when food is scarce, flamingos may not gather in large numbers.

Where to find Greater Flamingoes in the Bahamas

If you’re looking to find greater flamingos in the Bahamas, you can explore various saltwater habitats, including salt or alkaline lakes, estuaries, shallow coastal lagoons, mudflats, and other areas where diverse marine life thrives. While they rarely occupy freshwater habitats, they may visit freshwater bays for washing and drinking purposes.

Sea Star

sea stars animals in the Bahamas
Number of SpeciesAround 1,600 species worldwide
HabitatFound in oceans across the globe
Arm StructureTypically have five arms, although some species may have more
RegenerationCan regenerate lost arms and grow new ones
Feeding BehaviorSweep arm grooves to collect organic particles for food intake
Body StructureInterior consists of limy plates; breathe through their skin
ReproductionReproduction is usually separate sexes; some species exhibit hermaphroditism (both male and female reproductive organs)
Asexual ReproductionSome species reproduce by dividing their body through fission
Special FeaturesLight-sensitive spots at the tips of their arms

There are around 1,600 different species of sea stars found in oceans worldwide, with the highest diversity in the northern Pacific. Similar to a circle, sea stars have arms, usually five in total, that are hollow inside. Interestingly, sea stars have the remarkable ability to regenerate a lost arm and grow a completely new one.

The tube feet of sea stars allow them to move in any direction and grip onto various surfaces. They use these tube feet to capture and consume their food. Rough sea stars feed by sweeping their arm grooves to gather organic particles, which they then transfer to their mouth on the underside of their body plate. The interior of a sea star consists of limy plates, and they primarily breathe through their skin. Light-sensitive spots can be found at the tips of their arms.

When it comes to reproduction, sea stars usually have separate sexes, with males and females being distinct individuals. However, hermaphroditism, where an individual has both male and female reproductive organs, can also occur in some sea stars. Additionally, certain sea stars can reproduce asexually by splitting their body in a process called fission.

Please note that the information provided offers a general understanding of sea stars. Specific details and behaviors may vary among different species of sea stars.

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Sea stars, also known as starfish, can produce a large number of offspring. Some species that reproduce through sexual means can release millions of eggs into the water at once.

Sea stars are classified into three main orders: Forcipulata, Phanerozonia, and Spinulosa. Phanerozonia includes the spiny sea stars that have distinct fringed plates and are usually rigid in structure. These sea stars have tube feet with suction capabilities, though some species within this order may lack these structures. Many of the sea stars found in distant habitats belong to this order, and they are often burrowers.

It’s important to note that sea stars come in various shapes, sizes, and behaviors, with adaptations specific to each species. The information provided gives a general understanding of sea stars, but individual species may exhibit different characteristics and behaviors.

Where to find sea stars in the Bahamas

Sea stars, commonly known as starfish, have a remarkable ability to thrive in a wide range of oceanic habitats. They can be found in all sea basins across the world, occupying diverse depths and types of ocean floors. Whether it’s the deep recesses of the ocean or the shallower coastal regions, sea stars adapt and coexist with other marine creatures in the Bahamas and beyond. These benthic animals play an essential role in the intricate ecosystem of the underwater world, contributing to its diversity and balance.

Bahama Swallow

Scientific NameTachycineta cyaneoviridis
SizeApproximately 5.5 inches (14 cm)
WeightAround 0.5 ounces (14 grams)
WingspanApproximately 11 inches (28 cm)
HabitatPine islands, forest clearings, swamps, farms, coastal areas
RangeFound in Grand Bahama, Andros, New Providence, Florida, Abaco, and other regions
StatusEndangered species
Plumage ColorGreen and white upper parts, blue wings
DietFeeds in open and partly open areas on insects and other small prey
Nesting BehaviorBuilds cup-shaped nests made of vegetation and mud
ReproductionBreeds in groups; pairs take turns incubating a single egg
ConservationThreatened by logging and development; conservation efforts are crucial for its survival

The Bahama Swallow is an endangered bird species facing threats from logging and development activities. It is a medium-sized swallow with green and white upper parts, blue wings, and a distinctively forked tail. Females have blunter features and less vibrant white underparts compared to males.

In North America, there are about seven different species of swallows that are commonly found across the region. These include the Barn Swallow, Bank Swallow, Cliff Swallow, and Tree Swallow. While the Bahama Swallow primarily resides in pine islands like Grand Bahama, Andros, New Providence, Florida, and Abaco, they can also be seen near human settlements and in towns. They feed in open areas such as forest clearings, swamps, farms, cliffs, and along the coast. During winter migration, they can also be found on various islands.

These swallows are most active during cooler weather and the evening hours, often roosting during the hottest parts of the day. They are skilled at soaring and gliding low to the ground, swiftly flying after insects as their primary food source. Their agility allows for some unique flying and you can even check out our article on How the Swallow Can Evade the Swift Peregrine Falcon 

Please note that the Bahama Swallow is currently in a vulnerable state, and conservation efforts are crucial to ensure its survival.

 Where to find Bahama swallows in the Bahamas

The Bahama Swallow is primarily found in pine forests, specifically in the northern Bahamas. Pine islands such as Grand Bahama, Andros, New Providence, Florida, and Abaco serve as their main breeding habitats.

However, these birds can also be observed in urban areas and near human settlements. Bahama Swallows feed in open spaces and partially open regions, including forest clearings, swamps, farmlands, cliffs, and along the coast. During winter, they can be spotted on various islands as they migrate to different locations.

Please note that the Bahama Swallow’s habitat and behavior are influenced by its natural surroundings, and conservation efforts are crucial to protect its population and ensure its continued presence in these environments.

Cuban Amazon

Scientific NameAmazona leucocephala
SizeApproximately 12-14 inches (30-36 cm)
WeightAround 9-12 ounces (250-340 grams)
WingspanApproximately 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
HabitatForests, woodlands, and savannas in Cuba and the Bahamas
RangeEndemic to Cuba and introduced populations in the Bahamas
StatusEndangered species
Plumage ColorMainly green with a white forehead and distinct red feathers on the wings
DietFeeds on fruits, seeds, nuts, berries, and foliage
Nesting BehaviorNests in tree cavities or holes, often high above the ground
ReproductionMonogamous; lays 2-3 eggs per clutch
ConservationThreatened by habitat loss, illegal trade, and capture for the pet trade

The Cuban Amazon is a bird species similar in size to a pigeon. It has an exciting history in aviculture. Until the mid-1980s, it was relatively rare outside of its native Cuba and Florida, where many Cuban settlers brought their parrots with them. It was occasionally seen in Europe, but its presence significantly increased when a large number of birds were illegally imported into eastern Europe. Gradually, these birds and their offspring made their way to Germany and the rest of Europe.

Despite being more accessible now, the Cuban Amazon remains one of the most expensive Amazon parrots in the market. This is partly due to its beauty and partly because it is more challenging to breed compared to other Amazon species. While some breeding pairs are highly productive, others have difficulty producing viable offspring.

Like all Amazon parrots, the Cuban Amazon requires a low-fat diet to maintain good health. Excessive sunflower seeds can cause them to become overweight, so it is important to provide a seed mix specially formulated for Cubans or include smaller sunflower seeds in their diet. Fresh fruits and vegetables should make up around thirty percent of their diet. They enjoy fruits such as pomegranates, apples, oranges, papayas, grapes, cactus fruits, guavas, and passion fruits. Preferred vegetables include green beans, peas in the pod, celery, carrots, fresh corn, zucchini, and beets. Sweet corn and thawed frozen peas can also be offered.

Breeding Cuban Amazons can be challenging, with some pairs being highly successful while others struggle to produce offspring. Due to their specific dietary needs and the complexities of breeding, they require specialized care and attention. They are still part of the the Most Social and Communicative Bird Species, a fact you can further explore with another article!

Where to find Cuban Amazons in the Bahamas

It can be easily found in the islands of the Bahamas.

Summary Animals in the Bahamas

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The Bahamas is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts, with its stunning natural landscapes and diverse ecosystems. In this article, we will explore some of the fascinating animal species found in the Bahamas and their unique characteristics.

Piping Plover:

  • This small bird species, about the size of a pigeon, has a pale back that perfectly blends with the white sandy beaches.
  • Piping Plovers are primarily found in coastal areas such as beaches, sandbars, and tidal flats.
  • Unfortunately, they are considered endangered or threatened species throughout their range due to various human disturbances and other threats.
  • Their diet consists of insects, marine worms, and small shellfish.
  • Piping Plovers exhibit interesting behaviors such as running a few steps, stopping, and pecking at the ground for food. They may also shuffle their feet to scare away small creatures.
  • Guided visits and conservation efforts are in place to protect and raise awareness about the conservation needs of Piping Plovers.

Greater Flamingo:

  • These iconic pink birds inhabit warm and watery regions across different continents.
  • They are skillful swimmers but thrive in areas with expansive mud flats where they breed and feed.
  • Greater Flamingos can be distinguished by their long, slender necks, distinctive bills with a downward curve and dark tips, and their remarkable pink plumage.
  • Their diet mainly consists of small organisms such as shrimp, fish, and fly larvae. They use their long legs and webbed feet to stir up the bottom of the water and filter out their food.
  • Greater Flamingos live and feed in groups called herds or flocks, providing safety in numbers and facilitating breeding.
  • To maintain their vibrant pink color, flamingos rely on a diet that includes specific organisms. In captivity, their diet needs to be supplemented to preserve their pink hue.

Sea Star:

  • The ocean is home to an astonishing variety of sea star species, with over 1,600 different types found in all oceans.
  • Sea stars have the remarkable ability to regenerate their arms if they are lost or damaged.
  • These fascinating creatures use their tube feet to move in any direction and cling onto surfaces.
  • Sea stars feed by sweeping particles that accumulate in the grooves of their arms into their mouths, located on the underside of their bodies.
  • They can be found in various depths and bottom compositions in the ocean and are considered benthic creatures, living in the depths of the sea.
  • Although specific conservation status information is not provided, it is important to preserve their habitats and the health of ocean ecosystems to ensure their survival.

The Bahamas offers a remarkable opportunity to explore and appreciate the rich wildlife that thrives in its unique habitats. Whether it’s observing the graceful Piping Plovers on sandy beaches, marveling at the beauty of Greater Flamingos in coastal areas, or discovering the diverse sea star species in the depths of the ocean, these animals contribute to the extraordinary value of this beautiful destination. Conservation efforts and responsible tourism play crucial roles in protecting and preserving these incredible creatures for future generations to enjoy.

If you enjoyed reading the above about animals in the Bahamas, check out animals in Antarctica and Ohio next!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Does the Bahamas have rainforest?
A: No, the Bahamas does not have rainforests. The country consists of over 700 islands and cays, which are mostly composed of flat, low-lying terrain and sandy beaches. The vegetation found in the Bahamas is typically coastal shrubs, pine forests, and mangroves.

Q: Does the Bahamas have all-inclusive resorts?
A: Yes, the Bahamas has numerous all-inclusive resorts. These resorts offer comprehensive packages that typically include accommodations, meals, beverages, and various activities. Many of these resorts are located on popular tourist destinations such as Nassau, Paradise Island, and the Out Islands.

Q: Does the Bahamas have sharks?
A: Yes, the Bahamas is home to various shark species. The waters surrounding the islands attract several types of sharks, including Caribbean reef sharks, nurse sharks, tiger sharks, hammerhead sharks, and bull sharks. However, it’s important to note that encounters with sharks are generally rare, and the vast majority of shark species are not considered aggressive towards humans.

Q: Why does the Bahamas have clear water?
A: The Bahamas is renowned for its crystal-clear turquoise waters due to several factors. Firstly, the islands are situated in the Atlantic Ocean, which generally has fewer suspended particles compared to other bodies of water. Additionally, the Bahamas’ shallow, sandy-bottomed banks allow sunlight to penetrate and reflect off the white sand, enhancing the water’s clarity. The absence of significant rivers or large-scale industrial development also contributes to the pristine water quality.

Q: Why is the Bahamas considered dangerous?
A: While the Bahamas is generally a safe destination for tourists, like any other country, it does have certain crime-related challenges. Areas with higher crime rates tend to be located in certain parts of Nassau, such as the Over-the-Hill area. It is always advisable to exercise caution, stay aware of your surroundings, and take necessary precautions, such as avoiding isolated areas at night and securing your belongings.

Q: Why is the Bahamas a good place to visit?
A: The Bahamas is a popular tourist destination for several reasons. Firstly, its stunning natural beauty, with white sandy beaches, clear turquoise waters, and abundant marine life, makes it a paradise for beach lovers, snorkelers, and divers. The Bahamas also offers a variety of activities such as boating, fishing, water sports, and exploring historical sites. Additionally, the warm and welcoming culture of the Bahamian people, along with their vibrant music, cuisine, and festivals, adds to the overall appeal of the country.

Q: Why are there pigs in the Bahamas?
A: The famous swimming pigs of the Bahamas can be found on Big Major Cay, also known as Pig Beach. The origin of the pigs on the island is not entirely clear, but it is believed that they were likely brought there by sailors or locals many years ago. Over time, the pigs have become a popular tourist attraction, and visitors can now enjoy swimming with these friendly and adorable animals.

Q: Why are the Bahamas so shallow?
A: The Bahamas are located on a vast platform known as the Bahama Banks, which consists of shallow limestone and coral formations. The shallow nature of the region is a result of the geological history and the accumulation of sediments over millions of years. The shallow waters surrounding the islands contribute to the breathtaking turquoise colors and create ideal conditions for coral reefs and abundant marine life.

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