Welcome to Animals in Ontario.
The Wildlife in Canada consists of several wild species. Ontario has around 400 species of birds, making it beautiful for the viewers. Ontario’s forests, rivers, and lakes open spaces are home to different animals.
Predators such as beavers, otters, mink, fox and wolf, waterfowl, etc., are found here, and large mammals like polar bears and moose are also found here.
Background of Ontario
Ontario is the second most significant part of Canada after Quebec. What type of animals lives here can be easily calculated by the weather conditions and geographical area. As the most populous, Ontario is home to more than one-third of Canada’s population. Ontario is the wealthiest, having a good share of the country’s natural resources and the most grown industrial economy.
Ontario is the economic pacemaker of Canada and also contributes to national politics. Ontario is divided into two regions: Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. Northern Ontario, as the name states, is located in the northern part. I
t occupies a larger area as it consists of large forest reserves, a hydroelectric projects, which turned out to be a significant economic resource. Southern Ontario consists of different types of lakes and hence occupies gentle relief land.
Click below to jump to any section on animals in Ontario:
The white-tailed deer is the first member of our list of animals in Ontario. It is also known as Virginia deer, is medium-sized and native to North America, Central America, and South America. White-tailed deer got its name due to the white hairs under the tail and rump. White-tailed deer have different sizes. Its body is found to be more significant in cold climates and agricultural soil but more petite in deserts and tropics.
It has a reddish-brown to grayish-brown body and large ears. They love to live in open areas and forests. During summer, white-tailed deer are found in forest areas where the food is present more, and in winter, they live in yards where they get proper nutrition and protection from cold winds. They reproduce quickly and are capable of doubling their number in a year.
White-tailed deer are herbivores or vegetarians as they feed on grasses and herbs, leafy material from plants and wood. As in the winter season, there is a shortage of food; they change their diet to buds and twigs.
Places to look out for White-tailed deer:
Trois Lacs Outfitters, Lower St. Lawrence
Indian Point Camp, Dryden
American Black Bear
American black bears are medium-sized in North America, including some parts of Mexico. White markings are found on their chest sometimes. American black bear consists of single species, and They differ in color. Black bears are native to western North America.
The black bear is more enormous and ranges from five to six feet long. Male black bears weigh 70% heavier than female black bears and have small heads further supported by solid necks. American black bears are classified as carnivores but have an omnivorous diet.
They mostly live in forests and hence need a forest habitat to survive. Their body is adapted so that they can easily climb trees or even dig for food. These black bears can even travel a long distance of up to around 200km and can even come back to the place from where they started.
Winter time is rest or hibernation time for black bears, so they spend most of their time in the den. These dens have a lot of variety, as hollow in a log, open under tree roots, or even a digger placed in the ground, which they cover with leaves later on.
They start to mate or reproduce in early summer, June- July. Most diet comes from plant material.
Places to look out for black bears:
Hudson Bay coast in the north
Chapleau Crown Game Preserve
Algonquin Provincial Park
Little Brown Bat
It is among the most found among the other nineteen species of bats in Canada. They weigh only seven to fourteen grams. Little brown bats are closely linked with humans as they make residence on buildings. Little brown bats do not move out from Canada but can carry up to 1000 km from summer start to winter end. They are true hibernators, and so hibernate in winter. They use tree cavities or building tops to lay eggs.
Little brown bats feed on different varieties of insects. They are so sharp and active as they can catch up to 1000 insects in an hour. They do feed mainly on insects having an aquatic larval start. The myth is that bats are blind, but little brown bats have powerful vision.
These bats have a long life compared to other small mammals and can live up to 10 years. They use echo to fly and find food. These also play an essential role as a predator of insects those fly at night. As we all know, bats are nocturnal and can be found at the top of budlings or trees hanging downwards—a notable entry for this list of animals in Ontario.
Places to look out for Little brown bat in Ontario:
Southern Ontario buildings and trees
It is a different type of owl, which is golden in color with a white heart-shaped face, found chiefly in southern Ontario. It lacks ear tufts which are found in other owls present in Ontario. It is mid-sized and so grows 35 centimeters to 45 centimeters. It produces different types of noises, cries, and screams. It cannot tolerate high temperatures, which is also why it is found in southern Ontario.
They make nests or live in abandoned buildings. It also lives in cavities and trees. It lives in its central nest for a year, then to hunting rodents in fields, meadows, orchards, grasslands, etc. Due to urbanization, these owls are getting endangered. Their hearing sense is sharp, so they get their food by hunting small animals on land. They have a high metabolic rate and consume a lot of rodents, depending on their size.
They save food at roosting sites so they can feed on them when food is scarce. This is also why these owls are the most economically valuable animals. Another worthy mention in our list of animals in Ontario.
Places to look out for Barn owl in Ontario:
Say hello to our next entry for this list of animals in Ontario. The loggerhead shrike is a robin-sized bird that hunts small insects, animals, and birds. Two of the 11 subspecies of long-head shrike are found in Canada. Subspecies have a similar appearance:: the wings are black and white, the back is greyish, the chest and belly area is white, and the tail is black with white stripes on the sides. These birds have a heavy and extended head compared to the entire-body, so their name comes out to be loggerhead shrike. The adult loggerhead shrikes are about 21 centimeters long and weigh about 47.5 grams.
Male and female loggerheads shrikes produce different ranges of noises, consisting of unmusical series of notes during the spring courtship period. It usually lives on fence posts, wires, or dead branches. When looking out for prey or hunting, Loggerhead shrike lays down. They kill their prey by cutting their necks. They are usually found in grassland or agricultural lands. In the spring season, they travel in march and April.
They mostly travel alone and during the night. They mainly feed on insects. They start breeding after any year old. Male and female shrikes together find nest sites, but only female shrikes build nests alone. It is a beneficial and exciting bird as it eats most pests from crops. Shrikes do differ from one another by their eating habits.
Where can loggerhead shrike be found in Ontario?
The Carden Plain north
Napanee Limestone Plain.
Fishers are weasel-like animals and members of the mustelid family, and we’ll take a look at the following animals in Ontario. Fisher is also known as a hunting machine.
They are carnivores and hence feed on a variety of animals. They are also known as pet killers. Fishers eat many prey animals, but they are well-known hunters of porcupines. Fisher has a wedge-shaped head, sharp claws, and short, heavy legs. Adult male fishers weigh 8 to 12 lbs. while female adult fishers weigh 4 to 6 lbs. Anglers use anal glands and small glands present on hind paws to mark their territories. Their fur changes with the season. Fishers can climb long trees very quickly.
Where can one find Fisher’s in Ontario?
Frontenac Provincial Park
Parry Sound area
The green-winged teal is a tiny bird compared to other birds found in North America. They love to live in shallow ponds with lots of vegetation. Their diet changes and depends on food availability, and they mainly eat aquatic animals and insects. They are also known as dabbling ducks.
Female green-winged teal select nest sites in dense vegetation and lay around 10/12 eggs at one egg per day; as compared to other dabblers, green-winged teal like to live in boreal forests. It is a short-distance migrant, and it is widely present and very well distributed in Canada. Male green-winged teal has a green patch around the eye with a brown head, greyish body, and creamy breasts.
Female green-winged teal is overall darker as compared to other dabbling ducks. They walk around the muddy areas to feed. It is the smallest and fastest as compared to other ducks. They always travel in flocks with great speed. They mostly rely on animal matter such as mollusks, crustaceans, larvae, etc. They are boreal and parkland breeders, and it is the third most abundant breeder in the Arctic.
Where can one find green-winged teal?
Trumpeter swans are enormous, as the average male weighs 26 pounds. They need open water to run across. When they are three to four years old, they form pair-bonding; this pair stays together throughout the year, even while moving in migratory populations. It is found that trumpeter swan mates for life and those who lost their partner do not mate again. Trumpeter swan takes a different approach towards incubation as they warm their eggs by covering them under their webbed feet. Its scientific name is Cygnus buccinator. It is the heaviest bird native to North America.
They breed primarily in pristine wetlands, slow rivers, lakes, shallow ponds, etc. They prefer residing in wide weak enough spaces, so they float effortlessly from one place to another, with unpolluted water, good accessibility to food, and little or no human disturbance. They migrate in V-shaped flocks, and these birds feed while swimming in water or may go down to submerged food. The central part of their diet includes aquatic plants.
Trumpeter swans will eat both leaves and stems of submerged and visible vegetation. In winter, they are also found eating grasses and grains. They prepare for the spring breeding season, so their feeding activity and weight change. Male trumpeter swans are called cobs; juvenile are called cygnets, and female swans are called pens. Male trumpeter swan weighs 9 to 14kg and is generally more prominent than 9-12kg but has no color difference.
Where can trumpeter swan be found in Ontario?
Marshes of lakes Ontario, Erie, and St. Clair
Kenora District of Ontario
Big Brown Bat
It is the most common and abundant bat in North America and is among the 18 species found in Canada. They have brown fur on them, measurements 9 to 14 centimeters in length, weighing 11 to 25 grams. The big brown bat can be found in Southern Canada, Colombia, and Venezuela.
This species can be found in different habitats but mainly in deciduous forests. This species is very well adapted to human beings, and it is commonly found in large and small cities. In the winter, it hibernates in churches, houses, mines, etc., while some big brown cats hibernate in tree cavities and rock crevices.
It is not at risk of extinction, so its conservation is not much concern or focus. But these species face severe clashes with humans as they live in budlings or, we can say, in artificial structures. The big brown bat is insectivorous as they eat many insects, including stone flies, mayflies, true bugs, beetles, scorpion flies, cockroaches, etc.
They are widely spread over southern parts of Ontario. Their antibodies are used to cure rabies as these species of bats provide immunity, so farmers in Ontario use bat boxes to attract them to their lands. A human being’s baby weighs about 6 percent of their mother’s weight, but surprisingly, a newborn little brown bat weighs 25 percent of their mother’s weight. They are prone to white-nose syndrome.
Where can one find Big Brown Bat in Ontario?
Happy Valley Forest
Southern Norfolk Sand Plain
Rice Lake Plains
It is a very social bird found in Ontario. It is a small bird in length and 24-32g in weight. The male house sparrow has brighter black, brown, and white marks, while the female house sparrow and young ones are greyish and brown colored. House sparrow has strong bonding with human beings, and so are found living in urban and rural areas.
It is found in a wide variety of habitats. Its diet mainly includes grain seeds and weeds but it also eats some insects. Due to its social nature, it is kept as a pet for domestic purposes and in agricultural fields to control pests. They start breeding in the marching season and finding sites to build nests.
They mainly eat insects due to young sparrows, while the rest of the year, they enjoy a variety of diets. A House sparrow, the ary social bird, is also involved in social activities such as bathing and socking. Their annual survival is 45-65%. They are also a host to so many diseases and parasites.
It was also used as a food item several years ago. They are closely attached to human beings and live less in forests. Male house sparrows and female house sparrows look somewhat similar. They build their own nest, but it is recorded that they sometimes occupy the nests of other birds. It is a food source for other predator animals. Like most other birds, they love to eat grains and are also seen eating bread pieces, popcorn, rice, etc., in amusement parks.
Where can one find a house sparrow in Ontario?
Houses / Buildings
Shrubby and open areas
Summary of Animals in Ontario
Ontario consists of a wide variety of animals found on land, air, or water. We hope you enjoyed our educational list of animals in Ontario.
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