10 Animals that have recently gone extinct follow a trajectory of the human centered world of habitat loss and constant changes. We have compiled a list of some of the more recent species lost to exctinction in 2021. We have also provided insight into exctinction and how to delay this process through climate justice action.
the fact or process of a species, family, or other group of animals or plants becoming extinct.”preventing the extinction of this unique frog will require the restoration of ponds and surrounding habitats”
It has been calculated that between 0.01 and 0.1% of all species will become extinct each year.On the basis of this estimation, between 200 and 2,000 extinctions occur every year. However recently, scientists at the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity concluded that: Every day, up to 150 species may go extinct. This means as many as 10 percent of species a decade.
Scientists have recently estimated that there are approximately 8.7 million species on Earth. They believe that 1-2 million of those species are animals. However In all the time humans have been discovering and describing new species, we’ve probably only covered about a fifth of what exists.
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#1 Splendid Poison frog ( extinct 2020)
The splendid poison frog or splendid poison-arrow frog was a species of poison dart frog endemic to the end of western Panama.
Deforestation and habitat degradation are the primary threats to the splendid poison frog. Human activities such as logging, expansion of urban and suburban areas, and the construction and use of rail lines contributed significantly to the extinction of the frog.
#2 Bramble Cay melomys ( extinct 2019)
The Bramble Cay melomys, or Bramble Cay mosaic-tailed rat, is a recently extinct species of rodent native to the isolated Bramble Cay (the northernmost point of land of Australia), a vegetated coral cay located at the northern tip of the Great Barrier Reef in Australia.
Scientists have determined that the Bramble cay melomys, named after an island of the same name went extinct due to human-driven climate change. The melomnys’s 10-acre habitat, Bramble Cay, sat less than 10 feet above sea level.
#3 Baiji Dolphin ( Estimated extinct 2020)
The baiji is a possibly extinct species of freshwater dolphin, and is thought to be the first dolphin species driven to extinction due to the impact of humans. Since Baiji means ‘white fin’ in Chinese, it means ‘white-finned dolphin’.
The likely cause of the baiji’s decline is from the use of fishing nets with hooks that snag and drown the dolphins as bycatch. Other causes may include habitat degradation.
#4 Pinta Giant Tortoise ( Estimated extinct 2012)
The Pinta Island tortoise, also known as the Pinta giant tortoise or Abingdon Island tortoise, is a species of Galápagos tortoise native to Ecuador’s Pinta Island that is most likely extinct.
The Pinta Island tortoise, thought to have gone extinct with the death of Lonesome George in 2012, is not totally extinct as scientists found 31 tortoises on Isabella Island in the Galapagos Island chain that are believed to be partially descended from the Pinta Island tortoise but are functionally extinct in their natural environment.
#5 Western Black Rhino ( Extinct 2011)
The western black rhinoceros or West African black rhinoceros is an extinct subspecies of the black rhinoceros. It was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2011.
But the western black rhino and northern white rhinos have recently become extinct in the wild. The only two remaining northern white rhino are kept under 24-hour guard in Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. The main reason the West African black rhino is extinct is because of poachers, or illegal hunters. Poachers killed them solely for their horns, both for use in Chinese medicine and for use as decoration in the Middle East.
#6 Alaotra grebe Bird ( Extinct 2010)
The Alaotra grebe, also known as Delacour’s little grebe or rusty grebe, is an extinct grebe that was endemic to Lake Alaotra and its surrounding lakes in Madagascar.
The last known sighting of the bird was in 1985 and experts have now confirmed its demise, killed off by a combination of poaching and predatory fish.
#7 Spix’s Macaw ( Functionally extinct 2000)
10 Animals that have recently gone extinct: Spix’s macaw, also known as the little blue macaw, is a macaw native to Brazil.
The Spix’s macaw is one of the rarest birds in the world: it is estimated that there are only 177 captive individuals in the world. The species was declared extinct in the wild in 2000.
#8 Moorean viviparous tree snail ( Functionally extinct)
Partula mooreana, common name the Moorean viviparous tree snail, is a species of air-breathing tropical land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Partulidae. This species was endemic to French Polynesia. It is now extinct in the wild.
#9 Pyrenean ibex ( Extinct 2000/2009)
10 Animals that have recently gone extinct: In general, the Pyrenean ibex was a mountain goat which was substantially bigger and had larger horns than its extant cousins, C. p. hispanica and C. p. victoriae. It was also called the Pyrenean wild goat and, in Spain, the bucardo.
While the exact cause of the Pyrenean ibex’s extinction is unknown, scientists hypothesize that some different factors contributed to the decline of the species, including poaching, disease, and the inability to compete with other domestic and wild ungulates for food and habitat.
#10 Asiatic Cheetah ( Functionally extinct since 1948)
10 Animals that have recently gone extinct: The Asiatic cheetah is a Critically Endangered cheetah subspecies surviving today only in Iran. It once occurred from the Arabian Peninsula and the Near East to Caspian regions. Less than 50 remain in the wild, therefore functionally extinct.
Reasons for extinction of species
The extinction of a species is the result of a sustained level of threat across the entire distribution of a species, over a prolonged period.
Contributing factors towards extinction:
Factors constitute the primary deterministic causes of species declines, endangerment and extinction: land development, overexploitation, species translocations and introductions, and pollution. The primary anthropogenic factors produce ecological and genetic effects contributing to extinction risk.
However the five major causes of extinction can be summarized as the following:
- habitat loss,
- an introduced species,
- population growth,
- and overconsumption.
WWF: Endangered Species Conservation
Our mission is to conserve nature and reduce the most pressing threats to the diversity of life on Earth.
Save Animals Facing Extinction seeks to drive change at all levels of government that will protect Earth’s most precious wildlife.
Committed to saving endangered species and remaining rain forests.
How to combat the pace of extinction of species: These are a few simple ways to help
- Educate your family about endangered species in your area.
- Recycle and buy sustainable products.
- Reduce your water consumption.
- Reduce your personal footprint.
- Do not buy plastic products.
- Pressure your civil servants.
- Volunteer your time to protect the wildlife in your area.
It is a sad reality that human activity directly affects extinction rates of species around the globe at a rapid pace. It is important to acknowledge environmental wrongdoings and to move forward in collective sustainability. This will ensure the delay in extinction of species.