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Welcome to Animals in Australia. If you’re curious about the wildlife in Australia, you’re in the right place!

jacked kangaroo

Australia Articles

Wildlife in Australia, too many is pretty scary, as almost everything seems to be somewhat “deadly” but not to fear, Australians are always prepared for the worst and they know what to look for.

This blog is going to focus on some of the more weird and wonderful animals you might find in Australia.

Welcome to the Top 10 Animals in Australia. The Australian Outback is vast and fascinating.

The Outback is defined by many meanings, such as “backcountry,” “back of beyond,” “backblocks,” and “back of Bourke.” and is away from the urban areas where different habitats survive and compete with each other for survival.

Next to the outback, there are also so many sea creatures to explore in Australia. We have both lists for you below!

This blog will dive into the Top 10 Animals in Australia in the Outback and in the Ocean.

koala in australia

An outback consists of different climates, such as arid, tropical, semi-arid, and temperate. There is a wide diversity of living organisms, such as plants, flora, fauna, and animals, including both dangerous and human-friendly.

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Australian Outback

    • The Australian Outback includes all those desolate and vast areas in the country that are remote and away from the large populations in the southeast region of Australia.

    • The outback consists of an area of 8057453 sq km. The region is so broad that it covers up half of Australia’s continent, which is 49% of its total zone.

There are many animals in the Australian Outback, but the top 10 animals are discussed in detail in this article. We hope you enjoy reading about Animals in Australia.

Top 10 Animals in Australia

Although every animal in the Australian Outback is known for certain special characteristics, the top 10 animals here are discussed below.

1. Sand Goanna

There are various lizard species in the Australian Outback, but the top one considered among them is Sand Goanna.

    • Other Name: It is commonly called an Australian monitor, Gould’s monitor, racehorse Goanna, and sand monitor.

    • Habitat: Sand goanna likes to dwell in the mainland, such as the woodlands and grasslands of eastern and northern Australia. They don’t want to live in the south and southeast regions. They live in caves to protect themselves from predators and provide better shelter to cope with the climate.

    • Food: In the Australian Outback, the Sand Goanna prey on insects, birds, and carrion; therefore, they are called voracious eaters.

    • Size: They grow up to 160cm and mostly weigh 6kg.


    • Sand Goanna is the 2nd most prominent monitor species in Australia.

    • It is a diurnal species meaning a sand goanna sleeps at night and stays up during the day.

    • Its sense of smell is well-developed.

    • The Sand Goanna monitor explores the environment through the tongue. Woah! That’s a cool one!

    • Their favorite food is crocodile egg in the northern area.

As a Pet:

Sand goannas can be kept as a pet because they can be fantastic company and friends to humans. But if you are considering keeping them as a pet, it is essential first to learn how they stay happy and the main requirements for their healthy and happy life.

Important to note: Wild animals can’t be kept as pets. Take a permit from your state and check all the regulations before buying a Sand Goanna.

Sand Goannas have pretty patterns on their body. Their skin is greenish-gray with yellow-ringed spots. Their head resembles a snake’s, and their tails are usually yellow, white, or cream.

2. Kangaroos

Kangaroos are the marsupials that occur most frequently in the Australian Outback and throughout the country. The term kangaroo includes all the members of the Macropods family.

    • Other Names: Kangaroos are known as roos in daily life. There are specific different names for male and female kangaroos.

    • Male kangaroos are old ken, boomers, bucks, or jacks.

    • Female kangaroos are casually called jills, doe, or flyers.

    • Their newborns are called joeys.

    • Habitat: They are not limited to the Australian Outback but are also found hopping all around Australia.

    • Food: Roos are herbivores and feed only on plants around the backcountry. Some kangaroos are grazers as well.

    • Size: Various species of macropods are found in the Australian Outback, and all have different sizes, habitats, and appearances.

    • The red kangaroo weighs 200 pounds and grows approximately 2 meters.

    • Western gray typically weighs 110 pounds.

    • Eastern gray weighs 130 pounds and grows up to 1.5 meters.


As we know, roos hopping around and jumping look adorable and are an exciting sight.

    • Big reds and eastern gray jump up to 29 feet in one bound and speed 50 km per hour.

    • Red roos have a rate of 60km per hour. It can leap 10 feet high and 25 feet far.


    • They are nocturnal.

    • Macropods’ 6 species are extinct, and several have been endangered since the Europeans arrived in Australia.

    • They live in mobs of 10 individuals.

    • Their females have a pouch where the baby lives and develops.

    • White kangaroos, ” rare roos,” are also seen in the Australian backcountry.

    • The kangaroo’s long tail helps them move with its powerful hind legs.

Kangaroos Most Common Species In Australian Outback:

The following are the most commonly occurring species of roos in the Australian Outback.

    • Rock wallabies

    • Tree kangaroo

    • Red kangaroo

    • Wallaroos

    • Eastern and western gray kangaroo

3. Snakes

Garter Snakes

Next on the list is the most dangerous reptilian animal in the Australian backcountry, the snake. Although not all the snakes here are hazardous to humans, some are also non-venomous.

Other Names: Snakes are commonly called the serpent, reptilian resident, adder, garter snake, and by many other names.

Habitat: Snakes occur in a wide range of areas. In the Australian outback, snakes lurk in the Rocky lands, desert bushes, forests, and grasslands.

Food: The snakes in the Australian outback feed on insects, birds, reptilians, small mammals, mice, rabbits, eggs, and gerbils.

Snake species In The Australian Outback:

There are diverse species of snakes in the Australian Outback. Curl snake, mulga snake, red-naped adder, death snake, orange-naped snake, speckled brown adder, pythons called the Australian Outback their home.

Australian Outback Snake Facts:

    • Taipan, a snake species found in the Australian backcountry, is the deadliest snake. Its single bite can kill 100 men at a time.

    • Desert snakes are less dangerous.

4. Thorny Devil Lizards

Thorny devils are the famous lizard inhabitants of the Australian backcountry. They belong to the dragon lizard family.

    • Also Called: There are many names by which they are familiar. Some of those names are thorny lizard, moloch, thorny dragon, and horny devil.

    • Natural Territory: Molochs prefer to live in deserts and arid shrublands. They are present in Australia’s southern and Western zones and central areas.

    • Body: Thorny dragons have spikes all over the dorsal surface of the body.

Hard Facts:

    • Their thorns shield them from predators.

    • Molochs keep themselves cool in the desert by relaxing in their body dew.

5. Saltwater Crocodiles

A crocodile resting on a sand bank

The most dangerous animal in the Australian Outback is the saltwater crocodile. Few human deaths are recorded in Australia due to the salties attack. They belong to the Crocodylidae family.

    • Also Called: Saltwater crocodiles are famous as saltie, Indo-Pacific crocodiles, sea crocodiles, estuarine crocodiles, and marine crocodiles.

    • Feeds On: Estuarine crocodiles take in turtles, wild pigs, fish, wading birds, cattle, buffaloes, and many more.

    • Natural Territory: In Australia’s outback, saltwater crocodiles are found in the salty water along the coastline. But they are not limited to only the backcountry and can be found in the billabongs, freshwater rivers, and swamps.

Hard Facts:

    • The saltwater crocodile is the biggest crocodile species in the world.

    • They can live up to 70 years.

    • They live in the coastal water, so they can quickly move between brackish and freshwater bodies.

6. Dingo Dogs

Dingo is an ancient lineage of dogs established in Australia. Dingo is among the top 10 animals found in the Australian backcountry. They are reducing worldwide; therefore, they are considered endangered animals. They can hardly be seen in most areas now.

    • Also Called: Warrigal and Canis dingo are the most common names of the dingo.

    • Feeds On: In the Australian Outback, the dingo consumes birds, reptiles, red kangaroos, insects, lizards, frogs, fish, and many other organisms. Although carnivores by nature, they sometimes prefer to feed on nuts, grains, and fruits.

    • Natural Territory: The highly versatile dingo is everywhere in the Australian Outback. From abundant rainforests to harsh desert conditions, dingo inhabits all the surroundings. The ideal place to shelter in dingos is in the margins of the forests next to grasslands.

In desserts, they adapt themselves to areas close to water. In the Australian backcountry desert, if you find water somewhere, there are huge chances that a dingo is present there.

On the eastern coast and southwest, the dingo is absent primarily and not spotted frequently.

Hard Facts:

    • This wild dog is endogenous to Australia.

    • They are considered at the top of the food chain in Australia.

    • In Asia, Dingoes are the food source for some people.

    • Just like wolves, the dingo also howls and does not bark.

7. Frilled-Necked Lizard

It is worth mentioning that the only member of the Chlamydosaurus genus is the frilled-necked lizard.

    • Also Called: It is known by various names, including a frilled dragon, frill lizard, or frilled agama. It was given these names because of the ruffs around their throat.

    • Ideal Food: Frillies are carnivores; they eat small vertebrates and insects, including cicadas, beetles, ants, spiders, mice, and rats. Sometimes they eat plants, but it is not usual. Larvae, moths, and butterflies are the frillies’ favorite food.

    • Natural Habitat: In Australia, frilled lizards are endemic to the northern region.It spends most of the period in the trees.They prefer savannah woodlands along with warm and tropical temperate forests.

    • Size: This Australian backcountry animal is 2.79 feet long, including the tail.

    • Exotic Pet: Some people keep frilled agama as their pets. These wild animals are exotic because keeping them at your home is rare. A great part of Animals in Australia.


    • Largest species of the lizard dragon family in Australia.

    • Their frills are extensive and thin.

    • Also called bicycle lizard.

8. Australian Feral Camels

Did you know there are more than 1 million feral camels in the Australian Outback and other regions of the country?

They were first imported to Australia from Afghanistan and British India during the 19th century for construction and transport during the colonization of the western and central parts of Australia.

In the early 20th century, they were let out into the feral, resulting in increased population and environmental damage.

    • Also Called: Australian wild camels and dromedary camels are the two other usual names for feral camels.

    • Feeds On: Feral camels are herbivores; therefore, they live on juicy herbage that often has high salt content. Wild camels take in grasses, fruits, saltbush, and stems and leaves of certain shrubs. The feral camels are likely to eat any plant that grows in the desert.

    • Natural Colony: Feral Camels mostly live in extreme conditions; therefore, they prefer dry desert conditions and extreme heat. They are frequently spotted in arid regions.

    • Physical Appearance: Feral camels are distinguished by a deep-narrow chest, long-curved neck, and a single hump.

Hard Facts:

    • Feral camels widely damage the native trees, such as the Native Peach, also called Quandong

    • Their lips help them in the consumption of thorny and coarse plants.

    • Wild camels fluctuate body temperature from 34-degree Celsius to 41-degree Celsius, which helps in water conservation.

    • The Average Life expectancy of a dromedary camel is 40 to 45 years.

9. Wombat

Have you ever imagined that wombats also live in the Australian Outback? Well, yes, that’s true. This koala-resembling animal is also one of the top animals in the Australian Outback.

Wombat has two genres and three species; interestingly, they all belong to Australia.

    • Alternative Names: Wombats are famous as Lasiorhinus latifrons, northern hairy-nosed yaminon, vombatus Ursinus, southern hairy-nosed wombat, and common wombat.

    • Feeds On: These herbivore marsupials eat Native grasses such as kangaroo grass, tussocky ‘snow grass,’ and wallaby grass.Their stomach is simple with broad and short cecum that helps in the easy digestion.

    • Habitat: Vombatus Ursinus prefers to live in the open and dry regions. They remain in the partly forested regions.

    • Physical Appearance: Commonly wombats are confused with koalas. Here are certain physical characters based on which the wombats can be differentiated easily. They have a compact head, small ears, a stocky body, short limbs, and a very short tail. And the skull looks like that of a rodent. They are medium or large animals, and their weight ranges from 19 to 39 kg.

 Facts About Wombat:

    • They use heads for construction of tunnels.

    • Closest relative to the koalas.

10. Koalas


One of the cutest known animals, Koalas, are also in the Australian Outback. They weigh 9 to 33 pounds and are 2 to 3 feet long.

    • Also Called: You can also say bandicoot, wallaby, native bear, koala bear, kangaroo bear, possum, and euro to koalas. Although some names show as if they are bears, they are not. They are marsupials.

    • Koalas Food: They mainly inhabit the eucalyptus and eat eucalyptus leaves. On average, they eat 200 to 500 grams of fronds. The 200 cm long caecum of a koala contains certain bacteria that help break down food into simpler substances that are easily digestible. The gum leaves have a high quantity of water; therefore, koalas drink less water because the eucalyptus fronds also complete the water demand.

    • Natural Habitat: Koalas mostly remain in the eucalyptus tree branches because it protects koalas against predators. They also reside on bloodwood trees, paperback, and brush boxes which shows that they are arboreal. Koalas are found in the woodlands and forests of eastern Australia. They also occur inland because of habitat loss for many reasons, such as deforestation. Koalas prefer bushland because their favorite trees are here.

Fast Facts:

    • Sleep for 18 to 20 hours every day.

    • Most active between 5 pm and midnight.

    • Resembles wombats.

    • Female koalas keep the baby inside the pack for seven months.

Other Animals In the Australian Outback:

There is a vast diversity of animals in the Australian Outbac,k and they are not limited to only the ten mentioned earlier. Other Australian animals include:

    •  Python

    • Tasmanian devils

    • Kookaburras

    • Parma Wallaby

    • Palm Cockatoo

    • Duck-billed Platypus

    • Short-beaked Echidna

    • Emu and many more

Top 10 Water Animals in Australia

Great White Shark

great white

One of the most iconic marine predators, found in the coastal waters of Australia.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Great White Sharks are found in the coastal waters around Australia, especially in the southern regions, such as South Australia and the southern coast of Western Australia.

    • Diet and Hunting: They are apex predators, primarily feeding on fish, seals, and other marine mammals. They use a technique called breaching, where they attack prey from below with such force that they propel themselves out of the water.

    • Conservation Status: They are listed as vulnerable due to their decreasing population, largely attributed to fishing and habitat loss.

Box Jellyfish – Animals in Australia

box jellyfish

Known for its extremely venomous sting, it is predominantly found in the waters of Northern Australia.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Box Jellyfish are mainly found in the waters of Northern Australia, particularly in shallow waters close to the shore during the warmer months.

    • Venom and Sting: They possess one of the most potent venoms in the animal kingdom. Their sting can cause a range of effects, from mild discomfort to cardiovascular collapse and death in extreme cases.

    • Appearance and Behavior: They are transparent and bell-shaped with a box-like structure. They have tentacles hanging from each corner of their bell, which can be up to 10 feet long.

Saltwater Crocodile (also in the outback)

saltwater crocodile

The largest living crocodile species, it inhabits the estuaries and coastal areas of Northern Australia.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Saltwater Crocodiles inhabit the estuaries, rivers, and coastal areas of Northern Australia. They are capable of traveling long distances in the sea.

    • Size and Diet: They are the largest living crocodile species, and among the largest living reptiles. They have a varied diet, including fish, birds, and mammals, and are known to attack humans.

    • Breeding and Nesting: Female Saltwater Crocodiles lay eggs in nests made from vegetation. The temperature of the nest determines the sex of the hatchlings.


A marine mammal related to the manatee, the dugong grazes on seagrass meadows in the warm coastal waters of Australia.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Dugongs are found in the warm coastal waters of Northern Australia, grazing on seagrass meadows.

    • Physical Characteristics: They are large marine mammals with a streamlined body, flippers, and a flattened tail. They are related to manatees.

    • Conservation Status: They are vulnerable to extinction due to threats such as habitat loss, entanglement in fishing gear, and boat strikes.

An awesome one from Animals in Australia.

Weedy Sea Dragon

A unique marine creature closely related to seahorses, found in the temperate waters along Australia’s southern coastline.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Weedy Sea Dragons are found in the temperate waters along Australia’s southern coastline, particularly among seaweed and kelp.

    • Appearance and Camouflage: They have leaf-like appendages and a long, slender body, which provide excellent camouflage among seaweed.

    • Reproduction: Males carry the eggs, which are attached to their tails. After a few weeks, the eggs hatch, and the male releases the tiny, fully-formed young.

Green Sea Turtle

Green Sea Turtle

Found in the warm, tropical waters of Northern Australia, these turtles are known for their large size and are a common sight on the Great Barrier Reef.

    • Distribution and Habitat: They are found in the warm, tropical waters of Northern Australia and are common on the Great Barrier Reef.

    • Diet and Lifestyle: Primarily herbivorous, their diet consists mainly of seagrass and algae. They are known for their long migrations to nesting sites.

    • Reproduction: Females return to the same beach where they were born to lay their eggs. The eggs are buried in the sand, and the hatchlings make their way to the ocean after emerging.

Humpback Whale – Animals in Australia

humpback whale

These whales are known for their annual migrations, and their acrobatic breaches can be observed along the Australian coast during the migration season.

    • Distribution and Migration: Humpback whales are known for their annual migrations between feeding and breeding grounds. They can be observed along the Australian coast during their migration season.

    • Behaviors: They are famous for their acrobatic breaches and complex songs, which are believed to be a form of communication or mating display.

    • Diet and Feeding: They primarily feed on krill and small fish, using a technique called bubble-net feeding to trap their prey in bubbles before lunging through the trapped food.

A great one from the Animals in Australia.

Giant Cuttlefish

Known for their ability to change color and texture, they are common in the coastal waters of Southern Australia.

    • Distribution and Habitat: They are common in the coastal waters of Southern Australia, particularly around rocky reefs, seagrass beds, and sandy seafloors.

    • Appearance and Camouflage: They have a unique ability to change color and texture. This is used for communication, camouflage, and mating displays.

    • Diet and Hunting: They are carnivorous, feeding mainly on fish and crustaceans. They use their two long tentacles to catch prey.

Manta Ray

manta ray

These graceful and large rays are often seen gliding through the waters around the Great Barrier Reef.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Manta Rays are often seen around the Great Barrier Reef and the coral reefs along Australia’s eastern and western coasts.

    • Size and Diet: They are among the largest rays, with wingspans that can reach over 20 feet. They feed on plankton, small fish, and crustaceans, filtering food through their gills.

    • Reproduction and Behavior: Manta Rays are known for their graceful swimming and acrobatic breaches. They have a slow reproduction rate, typically giving birth to one pup every two to five years.

Dolphin (such as the Bottlenose Dolphin)

bottlenose dolphin

Dolphins are common around the Australian coast and are often seen playing in the wake of boats.

    • Distribution and Habitat: Bottlenose Dolphins are common around the Australian coast, and are often found in bays, estuaries, and coastal waters.

    • Intelligence and Behavior: They are highly intelligent and social animals, known for their acrobatics and complex vocalizations.

    • Diet and Hunting: They have a varied diet including fish and squid, and often employ cooperative hunting strategies to corral and catch prey.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Which animals live in Australia?

Australia is home to a diverse range of animals including mammals, reptiles, birds, and marine life. Some of the animals that live in Australia are kangaroos, koalas, wombats, emus, dingoes, platypuses, Tasmanian devils, saltwater crocodiles, Great White sharks, and various species of snakes and spiders.

What are 5 famous Australian animals?

Tasmanian Devil

What are 6 animals in Australia?

Saltwater Crocodile
Great White Shark
Eastern Brown Snake

What is unique animal life in Australia?

Australia’s animal life is unique largely because of the continent’s long geographic isolation. About 87% of the mammals, 93% of the reptiles, 94% of the frogs, and 45% of the bird species are endemic to Australia. Notably, Australia is the only place in the world where monotremes (egg-laying mammals) such as the platypus and echidna are found. Additionally, marsupials like kangaroos, koalas, and Tasmanian devils are also predominantly unique to Australia. The country’s marine life is also rich and diverse, including the iconic Great Barrier Reef which is the world’s largest coral reef system.

Wrap-Up of Animals in Australia

wildlife in australia

The Australian Outback is a shelter for various native and non-native animals. Because it consists of a wide variety of landscapes such as woodlands, deserts, tall mountain ranges, and grasslands, this continent’s animals are dangerous and poisonous, and some are human-friendly.

Australia is no doubt a rich source of diverse living animals. If you enjoyed this blog, you might find these other blogs interesting! Thank you for reading Animals in Australia.

Also, have a look at Wildlife in the Maldives, Where you can see Koalas or Where to see crocodiles in the Wild.

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