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Animals in Georgia

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The state of Georgia in the United States has heaps of different animal species in them. Unfortunately, some of these are endangered. Georgia is home to man armadillos, moles, bats, beavers, rats, mice, rabbits, white-tailed deer, and more. There are many predators that thrive in this state such as bears, coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions, otters, skunk, and more.

Lots of people visit George for its lively cities but on the wild side, you will find alluring, amazing beauty provided by Nature. The southern state offers you rich and unique experiences. The Northern Appalachian Mountains are home to many of these animals but it will be up to you where you wander.

Let’s check out the best of Georgia’s wildlife with our list of the most interesting and sought after animals in Georgia.

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Click below to any section on animals in Georgia:

Brown Thrasher

Largemouth Bass

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

White-tailed Deer

Green Tree Frog

American Alligator

River Otter

Wild Turkey

Alligator Snapping Turtle

Brown Thrasher

This official state bird of Georgia, the Brown Thrasher, is widespread throughout the state. Fortunately, it is still quite a common sight in Georgia. Their numbers have declined, though, due to the loss of their natural habitat, collisions with cars, etc.

They still continue to decline. These are territorial birds, particularly when they are defending their nests. They are not afraid of attacking anything that proves a threat to them. They are noted for their mimicry, but not so much as the Northern mockingbird. But in the breeding season, the male impersonates sounds from many birds!

His name is believed to be ‘Thrasher’ because of the thrashing sound he makes when digging through ground debris looking for food. They have a varied diet which includes nuts, berries, insects, beetles, caterpillars, and others. They won’t turn their beaks away to other things like spiders, earthworms, crayfish, snails, frogs, and lizards.

Largemouth Bass

bass fish

The magnificent largemouth bass was made the official state fish of Georgia back in 1970. This fish has olive grey-green scales on it. It likes to be in warm water streams, and rivers of Georgia, with lots of vegetation.

It’s got other names too, so if you’ve heard people talking of Black Bass, Lineside Bass, Trophy Bass, Bigmouth Bass, or Green Trout, then you know they are talking about the Largemouth Bass. They grow about 8 inches in their first year of life already. By the time they are three years old, they are measuring about 18 inches long already.

Dark horizontal lines form on both sides of the fish. The bigger the fish grows, the bigger their prey, but they enjoy small insects, baitfish, scuds, and shrimp. They will also eat shad, crawfish, snakes, snails, small water birds, frogs, baby alligators, and lizards. They use vibration, sight, hearing, and smell to seize their prey.

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

swallowtail buttterfly Animals in Georgia

The eastern tiger swallowtail is very beautiful as you can see. It was recognized as the official state butterfly of Georgia. They are common around this area. Who wouldn’t want these butterflies in your space, flying around? They are just magical creatures. These universally cherished insects all over the world.

This is a big butterfly and when they are in the sun their outspread wings can span around 5.5
inches from one tip to the other. Their colors are so vibrant – the yellow wings are edged by black strips. The bottom edges of the hind wings are very colorful with bluish scales and one or more red spots. They are solitary creatures, these.

They will often fly high into the treetops. A wonderful sight to behold is when a group of swallowtail males “puddles” This is when the males come together at damp places in the soil to drink water. Usually, this water has amino acids and sodium ions which give them extra life. If an ‘enemy’ touches this butterfly, it will give off a putrid smell, which gets wiped onto the enemy. You will see this magnificent creature from the spring into the fall.

White-tailed Deer

White-tailed deer Animals in Georgia

It is otherwise called Virginia deer, is medium estimated and local of North America, Central America, South America. White-tailed deer got its name because of the presence of white hairs under tail and back end. White-tailed deer has various sizes. Found its body is bigger in cool environment and rural soil however more modest in treats and jungles. It has a ruddy brown to grayish earthy colored body and huge ears.

They love to live in open regions and timberlands. During mid-year white-tailed deer is found in timberland regions where the food is available more and in winter season they live in yards where they get legitimate food and security from cold breezes. They recreate rapidly and are equipped for multiplying their number in a year.

During the beginning of relations season in November and December, a critical piece of the sentiment is finished on at a run; various folks endeavor to remain mindful of the fast female deer. Lovemaking process is quick and matter-of-truth. The buck watches and mates with female deer for the day before searching for another female deer in heat. Females become provincial before considering a posterity. 

The brooding time period midpoints 200 and two days , same looking ones or twins are generally speaking considered. In the wildernesses expansion could happen throughout the year. Mothers from time to time raise young ladies to development and subsequently pull out, giving their home reach to the young ladies.

White-tailed deer could live isolated from each other in summer yet may approach tremendous gatherings in winter season on open meadows or in forest areas. They trample down region of the snow in a space that is otherwise called a “deer yard.” Food consolidates twigs, natural items, leaves and nuts, as well as lichens and parasites.

Green Tree Frog

Animals in Georgia tree frog

In 2005, the green tree frog became the official state amphibian of Georgia. Georgia is actually home to around 85 different amphibian species. These cute little frogs are a lime green color with bright white stripes on each side of their bodies which are very smooth.

They can be found throughout the state of Georgia, and you can hear them chirping through the summer and spring months. With that smooth, green body, it makes sense that they are considered to be of the most beautiful tree frogs in North America alongside other animals in Georgia.

Its legs are about one and a half times as long as its body so now you know how well it can jump from around 8 to 10 feet should it need to. It’s got round pads for his feet to climb trees very easily.

You will find these little critters in swamps, bayous, on the borders of lakes, on floating vegetation, and in trees and bushes near the water. As long as there is water and dampness around, he is OK. He enjoys crickets, houseflies, fruit flies, moths, ants, and worms – even crickets.

American Alligator

wild alligator in Florida Animals in Georgia

The American Alligator, during the first half of the 20th century, due to exploitation, was almost completely depleted, but their recovery has turned out successfully and they are no longer on the near-extinction list. Their top jaw overlaps the lower jaw.

It’s what makes it different from the crocodile. They like to inhabit a wide range of areas in the USA, including Georgia. They can grow up to 14 feet so they will devour a lot of different foods to feed that large frame.

The diet will include turtles, fish, birds, reptiles, small mammals, and also small alligators. If you want to find an alligator, look for them in freshwater swamps, marsh, rivers, lakes, and any other small bodies of water.

Can you believe that the alligator has a mouthful of teeth to the tune of between 74 to 80 teeth? New teeth grow in to replace the lost and damaged ones. When the water gets too cold, their foraging ceases – like when the temperature drops below 68 degrees F.

The alligator hibernates in dens in wintertime. It can live to be about 50 years old. The adult alligator does not have any natural predators after it. The babies, on the other hand, do have to be taken care of as otters, turtles, raccoons, cranes, and other alligators will eat them.

They prey on the nest where the eggs are and then eat the little hatchings as well. If they can reach around 24-30 inches or so, then instead of becoming the prey, they become the predators.

River Otter

Animals in Georgia otter

This cutest of animals, the river otter, is also a member of the weasel family. He is an amphibious member of the family. Many of the USA states have experienced a decline in river otters, but Georgia has remained fairly consistent with still thriving numbers.

Even in Northern Georgian where they were almost depleted. Of course, their existence does depend on habitat availability and quality. These creatures have thick fur over their bodies that are usually dark brown, black, or reddish. Their bellies are usually silvery or grayish-brown.

Their throat and cheeks are silver to yellow- brown. They can range from being about three feet in length to almost five feet long from the tip of their nose down to the tip of their tail. They weigh around 15 to 30 pounds.

The hind feet of the otter are webbed. The otter can stay underwater for about 4 minutes and dive to quite deep depths of about 60 feet. It can swim 6-7 miles per hour and run from 15 to 18 miles an hour.

They become active in the early evening right through to the next morning. These animals in Georgia love to be near lakes, marshes, ponds, and streams. The river otter is a carnivore and eats prey like young alligators and crabs; sometimes even muskrats. Other things in their diet will include amphibians, crustaceans, reptiles, insects, birds, and fish. In the rivers, they dine mostly on fish.

Black Bear

black bear globe

Earlier black bear found in southwest portion of Alabama region but in recent some years their population starts increasing from northeast Alabama to northwest Georgia. These bears are similar to Florida bear in look but are classified as subspecies. They are omnivorous mammal and belong to Ursidae family.

There are two subspecies of American black bear which are found in Alabama region one is Florida black bear and another one is Louisiana black bear. They are found in around 41 states of United States and 43 countries near to Alabama and other parts of Canada and Mexico. They are mostly found near Little River Canyon in Cherokee country which is in the north-eastern part of Alabama.

They are black to light brown in color and some subspecies are beige in color. The American black bear looks somewhat similar to brown bear but American black bear have larger ears with less fur and shoulder hump is less in size. American black bear are very large in size and it may vary depending upon the season, age and sex.

Male American bear weighs from 150 – 350 pound and females weighs from 120-250 pound. Till date largest male American black bear weigh recorder was 900 pounds. They are 47-79 inches in length with small eyes, ears, teeth are sharp, and sharp curved claws. They generally hunt for big animals. They use their curved sharped sharp claws to climb and for digging food. American black bear generally mature at the age of 3.5 years and can start reproducing with an average of two years.

Due to environmental condition sometimes their breeding may vary. In the month of May to mid of July they start mating and are polygynous in nature which means a single male bear can mate with multiple female bear during the mating season. Until a female bear has not gained good amount of fat and food their gestation period didn’t start. Baby bears born in the month of January and February. They live in caves, root masses, ground nests. They sleep a lot in winter season as compared to summer season.

Wild Turkey


Animals in Georgia: The wild turkey is the largest of the upland game birds. Some of the males can weigh over 20 pounds and stand three feet tall. As wild turkeys, they are lean when compared with domestic turkeys. They are more slender with small, almost bare heads.

During the mating season, the wild turkey’s head gets red, white, and blue. During this time the males develop a layer of fat over their crop and breast cavity. It gives them the energy needed in the very active mating season. Male wild turkeys are called Toms.

These animals in Georgia nest on the ground, preferring dense foliage to keep them concealed and walk around in flocks searing for food. They use their strong feet to scratch the leaf litter out of the way in search of food.

Because wild turkeys are large and quite heavy-looking birds, it is assumed that they cannot fly. But in actual fact, wild turkeys are very powerful fliers and take to the air if they are threatened using their broad, rounded wings.

At night, the wild turkeys will fly up into trees to roost in groups. They like to roost in unused fields and places adjacent to roads. The eggs of wild turkeys are speckled and brown. They are also bigger than chicken eggs. Wild turkeys need a diverse habitat for their feeding requirements, so they are constantly on the move, eating during the day. Searching for food and moving all the time, they can cover a few miles as they hunt.

Mostly a wild turkeys diet consists of about 90% plant material and 10% animal matter. They eat fruit, green leaves, insects, seeds, and buds. They also eat cultivated crops like grain, sorghum, chufa, tubers, and millet.

Alligator Snapping Turtle

snapping turtle

There is a slight difference between the alligator snapping turtle and the common snapping turtle. Both of them look pretty prehistoric. But they are slightly different and are in fact, distant cousins. But in actual fact they have some important differences. The alligator snapping turtle is the one we are talking about and it has a very restricted natural range. It only lives in the river systems that drain into the Gulf of Mexico northern coast, and east into southern Georgia.

The alligator snapping turtle likes deeper waters that move a lot, but every now and then you will find them in a lake. Sometimes you will find them in other kinds of waterways as well, that adjoin rivers. Maybe the most noticeable difference between the alligator snapping turtle and the common snapping turtle is their shells. There are three distinct ridges on the shell of this turtle. As far as the skull is concerned, the alligator snapping turtle has a triangular head.

The common snapping turtle has a head that is ova-shaped. An alligator snapping turtle has two distinct features that make it different to the common snapping turtle. One feature is its red, worm-like lure in its mouth. So when it opens its jaw, unsuspecting fish take it for a worm – as they get closer to investigate, they are snapped into the mouth of the alligator snapping turtle for a quick meal.

They are tanned in color to black as well. The sharp cutting edge on their mouth is capable of biting
your finger off, so be careful when around a snapping turtle – leave them alone. They don’t have many predators who want to eat them, but every now and again they will face an attack from bears, coyotes, and river otters. And sometimes when its territory overlaps with those of the American alligators, then it needs to watch out.

Summary of Animals in Georgia

How amazing are these animals of Georgia? If you are hoping to travel to North America in suit of uncovering wild and rustic beauty, take a look at some of our state categorized wildlife blogs; animals in Ontario and animals in Florida. Let us know what you think and which state you’d love to visit first!

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