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Animals in Virginia

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Welcome to Animals in Virginia.

Much of Virginia’s wildlife resembles close to it’s neighboring states such as Tennessee and North Carolina. Black bears, white-tailed deer, squirrels, and other rodents are all vital parts of the natural world, such as eagles and foxes. Virginian water is spotless, clear, and valuable for fishing enthusiasts.

Virginia: animals in Virginia

Fish found in rivers and lakes in Virginia are perch, pike, trout, and bass. Technically Virginia does not have any state animal, but it has a country bird, a bat of the state, a country dog, a world fish, and a country insect. The American foxhound is the country’s dog and can be logically considered the state animal of Virginia. The Virginian big-eared bat is the bat of state, while the cardinal is the bird of state. The state’s snake is the Eastern Garter snake, while the state’s official insect is the Tiger Swallowtail butterfly.

Some of the animals that you can see in Virginia are linked below:


Racoons: animals in virginia

The most common and well-known is the North American raccoon from northern Canada and most of the United States from south-to-South America. It has a bright black mask between the eyes and a tail with 5 to 10 black stripes. A strong animal with short legs, a sharp mouth, and small erect ears, the North American raccoon is 75 to 90 inches long, with a 25 cm tail. Weight is usually 10 kg or less, although older males can grow to over 20 kg.

Those living in the northern regions are larger than their southern counterparts. The North American raccoon fur is coarse and coarse, and their color is iron-grey to black and brown. Southern raccoons are usually very silver, while northern “coons” tend to be blond or brown.

Like all raccoons, the North American raccoon is intelligent and curious. The hairless front legs are highly artistic and look like thin human hands, and the hind legs are thick and long. Although classified as a predatory animal, the raccoon is omnivorous, eating crayfish, other arthropods, mice, frogs, fruit, and other vegetation, including plants.

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Raccoons are erroneously believed to “wash” their food before eating when water is present. This erroneous idea stems from their tendency to look for food in or near water and to act accordingly. Raccoons are well-versed in human habitation, even in cities and metropolitan areas, where they live in buildings and thrive on garbage dumps, pet food, and other amenities. Since food security is a significant factor affecting raccoon populations, high population density is typical in large cities, earning them a mention on the list of animals in Virginia.

In the wild, raccoons live in a variety of forests and grasslands. Most of the time, they are found near water; they are skilled swimmers. They climb quickly and are often attached to riverbanks, hollow trees or logs, or abandoned beaver houses. Raccoons overcome winter food shortages through sleep.

This period may take a few days in response to southern temperatures and up to four to six months in northern areas. Northern raccoons can do this by accumulating large amounts of body fat in late summer and autumn. Many will double their spring body weight to give themselves enough sleep over the winter.

Where can one find Raccoons in Virginia?

They are found in wetlands, suburbs, woods, parks, and cities in Virginia.


Sometimes it is found to be damaging gardens and pastures. Named the marmot, the groundhog is a member of the squirrel family, Sciuridae, within the order Rodentia. According to popular mythology in the United States, it emerges in the winter each year on February 2, called Groundhog Day, and if it sees its shadow, winter will last six more weeks.

This hardy mouse weighs up to 6 kg and has a body length of up to 50 cm and a short, green tail up to 18 cm long. The thick fur on the upper parts varies in color between the shades of brown; the feet are black, and underneath there is a buff. Melanistic and albino people sometimes occur in other communities.

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Located from the eastern and central United States to as far north as Canada and Alaska, they often live near forest edges near meadows, open fields, roads, and streams but occasionally congregate in dense jungles. The groundhog lives alone outside in the spring when a litter of four to six babies is born, and scraps of one to 9 are recorded. The babies stay with the mother for two to three months.

Where can one find Groundhog in Virginia?

It is found all around Virginia, excluding the eastern shore and extreme southeastern shore. 

Black Tailed Jackrabbit

Jackrabbit: animals in virginia

Black-tailed jackrabbit is also known as the American desert hare. It is commonly found in the western United States and Mexico. Black-tailed jackrabbit has a height of about 2 feet and weights around 3 to 6 lbs. Black-tailed jackrabbit is North America’s most enormous rabbit. These animals of Virgina are found living in mixed grassy areas.

Breeding of black-tailed jackrabbits depends on location, as it is found that breeding peaks in the spring season. The young black-tailed jackrabbit is born with total hair growth and open eyes. They start moving after minutes of birth, so the female black-tailed jackrabbit don does not protect them until and unless they are nursing. The jackrabbit does not carry or sleep in the winter season and uses the same space for living throughout the year; the diet of black-tailed jackrabbit includes various shrubs, grasses, and fodder.

Grasses and fodders are mainly used in the spring season and early summer. Shrubs include various types of autumn and winter foods. Types of plants and patterns differ with climate. The black-tailed jackrabbit catches different ectoparasites, including ticks, worms, lice, and fleas, and due to this reason, hunters often avoid hunting them.

Black-tailed jackrabbits are social animals usually found feeding or resting in small groups. They do not like living in caves but can occasionally live in abandoned caves for escaping and thermal protection in winter. During day time, the black-tailed jackrabbit rests in the shrub cover’s depression and emerges in the evening time to forage. They are very active during the night. At night, they are very watchful of threats, and with any danger sign, they can run at a speed of 56 to 64 km per hour. 

Where can one find black-tailed jackrabbit in Virginia?

It is found in dunes, beach grass, grasslands, and desserts in Virginia.

Virginia Opossum

animals in virginia

The Virginia opossum extends from southern Canada to northern Costa Rica. The people of western Canada and the Pacific coast south to north of Baja California, Mexico, began as presentations from the eastern United States. Virginia and common opossums can be found in east and southern Mexico and Central America.

Virginia male opossums can grow up to 100 cm but measure approximately 76 cm long (including tail); females average 72 cm. In household cats, males weigh about 3 kg and females about 2 kg. The Virginia opossum is the only body member that stores body fat; adult males may exceed 6 kg in the fall of the year.

Virginia opossums have a long head, pointed nose, round ears, and a scaly tail, almost hairless, about half their length. Their front and back feet have five toes, all with sharp claws except for the inner fingerless, thumb-like, resistant to the hind feet. Like all members of the family Didelphidae, the Virginia opossum has 50 teeth, and the last premolar is the only tooth replaced (i.e., preceded by a milk tooth) in an adult. Ears, eyes, eye rings, feet, and one-third to one-half of the naked tail are black. Toes and ear tips are usually white in northern areas and black in Mexico and Central America.

The face is white in the north and is brown or dark brown in terms of the population from southern Texas, but it always has a white forest color — a feature used to identify this species where it occurs in conjunction with the common opossum. A coarse coat with long curly hair covering a short, thick undergarment may be pale grey or predominantly black.

Rarely in the north, black opossums are more common in the southern United States and the south. The albino color category is a rare and unusual color pattern, often misinterpreted as a person with albinism. The hair is white, but the color of the eyes, eye rings, feet, and base part is. Tail dark brown or black.

Where can one find Virginia opossums in Virginia?

It is found in wooded areas nearby lakes, streams, and swamps.


The word elk comes from an ancient Germanic root word that means stag or hart. Considerable male elk weight around 380 kilograms in the early winter season. The body mass differences are observed between the populations and increase from South to North, with exceptional ones weighing more than 500kg.

Female elk look similar to bulls externally and in body mass compared to other red deer. In the winter, all elk have dark neck manes that are well-developed in winter. Elk has brown body color. Elk have a more extended gestation period as compared to European red deer. In Asia, elk are found living in cold grasslands, which are located on higher plateaus. Elk are found living on the edges of forests as deserving mention of the animals in Virginia.

Elk feed on grass, plants, leaves, and bark. Male elk have large horns that they use every year. Male elk also engage in normal sexual behavior, including intercourse, sparring, and bugling, a major singing series that establishes domination over other men and attracts women. Male elk is currently native to North America and central/eastern Asia but was highly distributed in the past.

Elk populations were present throughout Eurasia invading Western Europe during the Late Pleistocene and surviving the original Holocene in southern Sweden and the Alps; less extinct Merriam elk species reached Mexico. The elk is familiar with the countries where it was introduced, including Argentina and New Zealand.

Adaptation may jeopardize the existing species and the ecosystem where it has been introduced. Elk are susceptible to many infectious diseases, some of which are found to be transmitted to livestock. Efforts to eradicate infectious diseases from elk crowds, primarily through vaccinations, have met with mixed success. Some cultures honor the elk as being spiritually meaningful.

Elk are found to be having four-chambered stomachs as they are ruminants. Elk are grazers, while white-tailed deer and moose are browsers. Elk tend to eat more in the morning and the evening, looking for safer places to feed. Their diet varies according to the season; traditional grasses become an annual supplement, tree bark is eaten in the winter, and shoots of summer trees. The elk eats an average of 9 kilograms of green daily. 

Where can one find elk in Virginia?

Elk is mainly found on the Cumberland Plateau in Virginia.

Wood Frog

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These frogs are primarily found in forests and woodlands. It is a cooler climate in the northeastern United States and all parts of Canada to central and southern Alaska. They are scoring themselves a mention of the list of animals in Virginia. The wood frog is red to brown with an apparent black face mask. Its maximum length is 8.25 cm, and its maximum weight is 8 grams.

It is a spring farmer, using lakes in the wetlands created by meltwater and the recent winter rains. Breeding occurs between early March and early May when females lay a few hundred to a few thousand eggs. The development is moderately rapid and depends on the temperature. Metamorphosis occurs in the next two to three months. The male’s voice is similar to that of a duck.

It has been suggested that wood frogs may be exposed to predatory predators, such as fish, as odor threats as long as the attacker’s chemical mechanisms are closely linked to the injured activists. Later, when the tadpoles smelled the prey, they stopped swimming and kept quiet. In contrast, the larvae of wood frogs exposed to the odor of a predator alone were at greater risk of developing a non-threatening scent when they reached the tadpole stage.

Where can one find a Wood frog in Virginia?

The wood frog is found all over Virginia, especially in forests and woodlands. It is in excellent, moist northern, western, and southwestern Virginia forest areas.

Summary of Animals in Virginia

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The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources reports more than 100 mammals in the province, but that is already the case with wildlife including more than 200 birds and birds.

Much of Virginia’s wildlife resembles neighboring states such as Tennessee and North Carolina. Black bears, white-tailed deer, squirrels, and other rodents are all vital parts of the natural world.

If you enjoyed reading about the animals in Virginia, check out Animals in Alabama and Animals in Illinois next!

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