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Welcome to All About Whales.

Whales are some of the few creatures in every corner of the globe. Different types roam through every sea and are beloved for many reasons- including how big and graceful they can be.

There are currently 90 known species of whales and dolphins living in the ocean, and roughly 25 000 individuals of all whale kinds were estimated in 2020.

Top Articles On Whales

This blog will give an overview of a handful of the fantastic whales worldwide, which have more detailed blogs on Animals Around the Globe.

Humpback Whale

Humpback Whale

Humpback whales are large and beautiful; they’re common in all oceans around the globe and are considered very “playful” in nature. Humpback whales grow to be about 52 feet (16 m) long and weigh 30-50 tons (27-45 tonnes).

The females are slightly larger than males, as with all baleen whales. And the four-chambered heart of the average humpback weighs about 430 pounds (195 kg) – about as much as three average adult human beings.

Humpbacks come in 4 different color schemes, ranging from white to grey to black to mottled. There are distinctive patches of white on the underside of the flukes (tail). Humpbacks also have huge, mottled white flippers with rough edges up to one-third of their body length.

These markings are unique to each whale, like a fingerprint. And the humpback’s skin is frequently scarred and may have patches covered with barnacles.

Humpbacks have 14-35 throat grooves that run from the chin to the navel. These grooves allow their throat to expand during the vast water intake during filter feeding. They have small, round bumps on the front of the head (called knobs or tubercles), edging the jaws. The deeply-notched flukes (tail) are up to 12 feet (3.7 m) wide. Humpbacks have a small dorsal fin toward the flukes.

Humpback Whales are incredible to see in the wild… have a look at these operators below if you’re interested in seeing them for yourselves.

Experience Giants

Ocean Odyssey

To see all places where you can see and swim with Humpback Whales, visit our guide to Humpback Whales.

Fin Whale

Fin Whales’ social structure can vary depending on where they are located. This may depend on the scarcity of food or age ranges. Fins have been observed solo, in pairs, and in pods of usually up to 6.

However, pods of much greater numbers, from 50 to 300, have also been seen. These larger pods are usually seen during migrations. The vocalizations of blue and fin whales are the animals’ lowest-frequency sounds.

Worldwide in tropical to polar latitudes. Fin whales are found in deep, offshore waters of all major oceans, primarily in temperate to polar latitudes. Read more on Best Places for Whale Watching and Sightings.

They are less common in the tropics. If lucky, one can view fin whales along most coastal stretches of the polar latitudes, depending on the right time of year. Cosmopolitan distribution if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats. Such a taxon is said to exhibit cosmopolitanism or cosmopolitism.

Open ocean (pelagic); rarely coastal. Like other large whales, fin whales are thought to migrate between feeding and breeding grounds.

That said, resident populations do exist, and both the Gulf of California in Mexico and the Mediterranean are home to resident populations of fin whales. A great place to view fin whales in the Pelagos Sanctuary/ Mediterranean sea marine mammals protected area.

Full physical maturity is attained between 25 and 30 years. Fin whales have an average lifespan of about +/ – 90 years, although specimens have been found aged at an estimated 135–140 years

Mating occurs in temperate, low-latitude seas during the winter, followed by an 11- to 12-month gestation period. Females reproduce every 2 or 3 years with usually single births; Calves remain with their mothers for about one year

Have you ever wanted to see a fin whale in the wild? These tour operators can help you see this special creature on this mission.

Greenland Tours

Visit Greenland

To see all places where you can see and swim with Fin Whales, visit our Guide about Fin Whales.

 

Orca Whale

orca

Did you ever wonder where do best places to swim or dive with Orcas are? We collected all the information you need to be ready for your orca expedition.

When you hear the word killer whale, you immediately imagine a vicious hunter in your head, fearsome and evil.

However, these animals are not what many people think. Get to know the beautiful and intelligent king of the sea, the Orca!

One of the best places to swim with Orcas is wintery northern Norway, where large quantities of herring gather.

Norway is an excellent destination for nature lovers all year round.

However, the best time to travel is between October and February if you want to watch the orcas at close range during their spectacular hunt. That’s when you also have an excellent chance to see the northern lights. Why not combine a trip?

Read all about Orca Whales here!

Blue Whale

Blue Whale Azores

Blue whales are the largest animals on our planet in today’s modern times. They feed almost exclusively on krill, straining huge volumes of ocean water through their baleen plates (which hang from the roof of the mouth and work like a sieve). Some of the most prominent individuals may eat up to 6 tons of krill in 1 day.

Blue whales are also found in all oceans except the Arctic Ocean. Moreover, there are currently five identifiable and recognized subspecies of Blue whales around the globe.

Sadly, the number in the world’s oceans has sharply declined and is now only a tiny fraction of what it was (before modern commercial whaling significantly reduced their numbers during the early 1900s).

But, on a more encouraging note: populations are increasing globally. Blue whales are listed as endangered under the ‘Endangered Species Act’. The primary threats currently facing Blue Whales are vessel strikes and entanglements in fishing gear.

Fortunately, many global Fisheries and their partners are dedicated to conserving and rebuilding many whale populations worldwide. Many organizations use a variety of innovative techniques to study, protect, and rescue these endangered animals.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgiPTUy2RqI&t=73s

What is most effective is the engagement of our partners within the fishing industries to develop regulations and management plans that foster healthy fisheries and reduce the risk of entanglements, create whale-safe shipping practices, and reduce ocean noise.

This species of whales gain its name appropriately because they are simply a gorgeous blue color. Besides their fantastic color, their size is what is most impressive. Antarctic Blue Whales are generally larger than all other blue whale subspecies.

For example, in the North Atlantic and North Pacific, blue whales can grow up to about 90 feet, but in the Antarctic, they can reach up to about 110 feet and weigh more than 330,000 pounds. Like other baleen whales, female blue whales are generally larger than males.

Sighting the world’s most enormous whale is on the bucket list for many individuals; these two tour operators will gladly help you fulfill this desire. If interested, make use of the links below for more information.

Whale Watching Akureyri

Natural World Safaris

To see all places where you can see and swim with Blue Whales, visit our complete Guide to Blue Whales.

Beluga Whale

Beluga Whale

Beluga whales are dark grey as calves. Their skin lightens as they age, becoming white as they reach sexual maturity.

They lack a pronounced rostrum or beak, and the top of their head is characterized by a round, flexible “melon” that focuses and modulates their vocalizations, including echolocation “clicks.” They are toothed whales, possessing 36 to 40 teeth in both the upper and lower jawbones.

The genus name Delphinapterus translates to “dolphin without a fin.” Instead of a dorsal fin, belugas have a challenging dorsal ridge, allowing them to swim easily under ice floes (floating ice sheets). Look at the Best Places for Whale Watching and Sightings.

Unlike other whales and dolphins, their neck vertebrae are not fused, so belugas can nod and quickly move their heads from side to side.

Beluga whales are covered with a thick layer of blubber that accounts for up to 40 percent of their weight. The blubber keeps them warm in the Arctic waters and stores energy as they can go for extended periods with no food. Some beluga populations shed their outer layer of skin each summer during an annual molt.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyvLDDnHBwA

They rub against coarse gravel in shallow waters to help remove the old, yellowed skin layer.

Belugas generally live together in small groups known as pods. They are social animals and are very vocal communicators that employ a diversified language of clicks, whistles, and clangs.

Belugas can also mimic a variety of other sounds that they hear. For example, considering the noise pollution that has come with increased cargo ships and boats in the water, they have also been noted trying to mimic these sounds. Follow more on Best Places for Whale Watching and Sightings.

Belugas produce sounds by building up air pressure in the nasal cavities within their melon ( the echolocation organ at the front of their heads) and forcing the air through a set of “phonic lips” atop each cavity. The vibrations of the lips result in the whale’s typical repertoire of echolocation clicks, pulse bursts, and chirp-like whistles and squeaks.

There are sad, many places you can see Beluga whales in captivity. These whales are subject to capturing and use for aquariums etc. Please avoid supporting any of these cruel facilities.

The tour operators below are for viewing these stunning animals in the wild!

Sea North Tours

Churchill Arctic Adventures

To see all places where you can see and swim with Beluga Whales, visit our complete Guide to Beluga Whales.

Sperm Whales

sperm whale

The sperm whale’s huge brain and specialized sonar organ (called a melon) contribute to its characteristic block-shaped head.

It is the only whale with that shaped head and is typically quite easy to identify. The body is generally uniformly grey. And the sperm whale’s lifecycle is very similar to that of humans.

Sperm whale males reach sexual maturity around 18 years old and females at nine years old. Males battle for mating rights and then breed with multiple females. Male sperm whales do not create harems of females like other animals. The females reproduce until they reach their forties and live in their seventies.

The sperm whale pregnancy term lasts about 15 months, resulting in a single calf. Sperm whales give birth to only one calf at a time, and at birth, baby Sperm Whales are considerably large – over 13 feet (4 m) long.

The birth is always a social event, with the rest of the sperm whale pod forming a protective barrier around the birthing mother and her calf.

Because calves cannot undertake the deep, long dives that their mothers do, groups of mothers form tight bonds and share the responsibility of protecting calves at the surface. While one or more mothers dive, others stay at the surface with the young.

Whale sighting can be tricky and is never guaranteed by any tour provider. However, if you’re lucky, and the season and location are suitable for the year- you may get lucky and see these unique animals for yourself…

Laki Tours

Wildlife Worldwide

To see all places where you can see and swim with Sperm Whales, visit our Guide to Sperm Whales.

Gray Whales

https://www.pinterest.de/pin/579416308284166479

Gray Whales are large baleen whales. They are medium-sized whales, reaching up to 49 feet (15 m) in length, with the females usually being more significant than the males. They are gray with white patches, covered in barnacles and sea lice, animals that attach themselves to the whale.

They have been known to carry over 400 pounds of barnacles and whale lice on average. Gray whales have no dorsal fins. Instead, they have a ( Sometimes visibly) low hump. The size of a Gray whale compared to that of a human.

Bottom-feeding animals. Roll on the sides and suck up sediment whilst slowly swimming along the seafloor. During summer, feed in arctic waters for up to 20 hours. Read more on Best Places for Whale Watching and Sightings.

There are two geographic distributions of gray whales in the North Pacific: the eastern North Pacific stock, found along the west coast of North America, and the western North Pacific stock, found along the coast of eastern Asia.

Most of the eastern North Pacific stock gray whales spend the summer feeding in the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. Some feed along the Pacific coast during the summer, in waters off of Southeast Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and northern California.

Where to see gray whales; The whales’ annual migration path

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MqRzdpd3tAs

 

North Atlantic populations were extinct on the European coast before AD 500, and on the American coast around the late 17th to early 18th centuries. Yet there have been recent sightings of whales along the Mediterranean sea, suggesting a repopulation in abandoned breeding grounds for centuries. In May and June 2013, a gray whale was sighted off the coast of Namibia – the first confirmed in the Southern Hemisphere.

The round-trip journey of one gray whale has set a new record for the longest mammal migration, covering a distance of more than 22,000 kilometers across the Pacific Ocean. This has indicated that new migration patterns may arise for these whales.

During summer, they live in the Arctic in areas rich in their food, bottom-dwelling organisms. As fall approaches, there is less sunlight and food, and the water turns cold.

This is when the whales travel to Baja, California, Mexico. Female gray whales usually give birth every two to three years. 5-12 years of sexual maturity. Gives birth to a single calf at 12-13 months. 7-8 months with calf.

Mothers and calves remain close to shore during the northward migration (usually within 200m of the coast), possibly trying and avoid killer whale attacks.  Mothers are very protective, sometimes sacrificing their lives to predating killer whales to protect their calves.

The average and maximum lifespan of gray whales is unknown, although one female was estimated at to be 75 to 80 years old.

Gray whales are slower swimmers, so killer whales predate them. Gray whales are “devil fish” due to their aggressive nature encountering harpooning. endangered early 1900s harpoons. They usually Travel alone or in small groups besides feeding breeding grounds.

Would you like to experience a sighting of gray whales for yourself? The tour operators below can help you if you want to go on a whale-watching adventure!

Baja Air Ventures

Magdelena Bay Whales

To see all places where you can see and swim with Gray Whales, visit our Guide about Gray Whales.

Dolphins

The largest species in the dolphin family, the killer whale, can reach more than 32.5 feet (10 meters) and weigh about ten metric tons (9,800 kilograms). However, most dolphins are much smaller.

For example, bottlenose dolphins reach an average length of 8–10 feet (2.5–3 meters) and weight of 300–650 pounds (135–300 kilograms). Likewise, the largest river dolphin, the Amazon river dolphin, can grow to about 9 feet (2.8 meters) and 350 pounds (160 kilograms).

One of the smaller dolphins, Hector’s dolphin, reaches about 4 feet (1.2 meters) long and weighs about 110 pounds (50 kilograms).

Dolphins have smooth, rubbery skin and are usually colored in black, white, and gray. They have two flippers, or fins, on their sides and a triangular fin on the back. Like other whales, they have an insulating layer of blubber (fat) beneath the skin.

Although they appear similar to porpoises, dolphins are distinguished from porpoises by their beaklike snout. Porpoises have short, blunt snouts. In addition, the teeth of dolphins are cone-shaped while those of porpoises are flatter.

The dolphin’s tail, which propels the animal in its lunges and dives, is horizontal rather than perpendicular to a fish’s tail. Dolphins are noted for being graceful swimmers, arcing through long, slow curves that bring the blowhole to the surface of the water and then expose the back fin as the animal dips downward.

At first glance, the high dorsal fin resembles a shark’s. Dolphins are also swift swimmers. The bottlenose can attain speeds of nearly 18 miles (30 kilometers) per hour in short bursts, and common dolphins are even faster. Several species are attracted by moving ships and often accompany them, leaping alongside and sometimes riding the waves created by the ships’ bows.

Dolphins are mammals, not fish, and are thus warm-blooded, keeping their body temperature constant even when exposed to different environmental temperatures. Like other whales, dolphins have lungs and breathe through a single nostril called the blowhole on top of the head.

Here is some excellent info on the Best Places for Whale Watching and Sightings.

Would you like to see a dolphin in the wild? Below are the names of some tour operators to see dolphins in the wild that we believe are significant.

Borneo Eco Tours

Losinj Dolphins

Magic Dolphin

Imagine Cruises

To see all places you can see and swim with Dolphins, visit our complete Guide to swimming with Dolphins.

Why should we Protect Whales?

Gray whale with baby

Whales are what is known as “keystone” species, having an essential role in the balance and healthy functioning of marine ecosystems, asserting a top-down control on the food chain and fertilizing our oceans, allowing the production of phytoplankton and the creation of more than 50% of the oxygen we breathe.

Through the movement of whales up and down the water column, zooplankton and fish are recirculated to surface waters in the form of nitrogen-rich fecal matter.

These nutrients are essential to the primary production of the marine ecosystem. They also fertilize the deep sea through “whale fall”, when a whale’s carcass sinks to the seafloor and provides nutrients to various scavengers.

Whales are indicators of ocean health; as top predators at the top of the marine food web, any change in their population status indicates changes in the ecosystem. Whales are cosmopolitan and found in all the world’s oceans, from the deep sea to coastal bays.

They also face threats of disturbance from tourist watching, but sustainable whale watching can significantly contribute to local coastal economies around the globe, thanks to people’s growing interest in whales. These animals are so important for ocean health yet some are still sadly at major risk of extinction.

What Threats Do They Face?

overfishing endangered fish

There are sad, many threats facing whales and other marine life today. To name a few:

Bycatch and Incidental Capture in fishing gear

Entanglement in fishing nets and gear, or ‘bycatch’, is currently the biggest threat facing dolphins, porpoises, and whales.

Entanglement refers explicitly to wrapping lines, netting, or other materials of anthropogenic origin around the body of animals. In contrast, bycatch refers to the unintentional capture of species such as small cetaceans in commercial fishing nets. Hundreds of thousands of individuals die due to drowning in fishing practices intended to catch commercially important fish species. It’s sad, pushed some whale species to the brink of extinction.

Ship Strike

Collisions between cetaceans and vessels – known as ‘ship strikes’ or ‘vessel strike’ – significantly cause death and traumatic injury. Tackling this threat to the world’s cetaceans is hampered by the fact that under- or non-reporting of ship strikes is still the norm around the globe.

Since 2009, more than 1,200 incidents have been reported to International Whaling Commission (IWC).  Most reports of collisions between whales and vessels involve large whales, but all species can be affected. Collisions with large vessels often go unnoticed and unreported. Animals can be injured or killed and vessels can sustain damage.

Pollution

Plastics and toxins such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs)  have been shown worldwide to impact the health of animals and other marine life.

Sadly, these toxin levels may be so high to hinder cetaceans’ reproduction and immune systems. Researchers initially believed that toothed animals, dolphins, and porpoises were at greater risk because they are higher on the food chain and, therefore, would be more prone to bioaccumulating toxins. However, current research shows that the baleens are also negatively impacted by toxins and pollutants in the sea.

Climate Change

Changes in meteorological and oceanographic variables leading to sea temperature increases in the polar regions threaten the ecology of many cetacean species on Arctic and Antarctic feeding grounds.

The narwhal, beluga and bowheads, found in the Arctic year-round, are in particularly affected and shifts in species ranges are evident with sightings of late of both beluga and bowheads in Irish waters and may be affecting migration patterns of large migratory species such as the Humpbacks.

Oil and Gas Industry

Three distinct threats are evident from human activities involving the oil and gas industry; habitat loss, and direct or indirect injury to cetaceans which can lead to temporary or permanent hearing loss or even mortality and pollution. Oil and gas exploration and extraction may cause disturbance to cetaceans in essential habitats for feeding, resting, and breeding. Seismic surveys in particular, have been shown to cause severe damage to cetaceans’ hearing.

In 1992, humpbacks off Newfoundland, Canada, were found stranded with damage to their inner ear structures following underwater blasting used in constructing oil installations.  Seismic blasting by the oil industry in Alaska has also been found to damage the hearing of animals in the area. Toxins and pollutants released into the environment relating to the oil and gas industry also pose a severe health risk to cetaceans.

Habitat destruction

Destruction of critical habitat for cetaceans is directly linked to increasing human activity in the marine environment, from harbors, landfills, shipping channels, fisheries, and aquaculture, to recreational use of marine areas, including resort development and increased boat traffic.

All of the aforementioned anthropogenic activities can cause cetaceans to avoid important breeding and foraging areas or cause direct damage to the marine ecosystem.

Summary

whales

As is apparent, these animals are extraordinary animals with excellent characteristics and much that scientists are still to discover.

If you’re keen on finding these amazing animals in the wild and observing them in their natural habitat, consider the following tour companies we recommend to use as a tour operator.

If you want to swim with another fun mammal, look at our seal and sea lion article!

In an amazing display of oceanic enchantment, a recently captured drone video near Perth, Australia. Unveiling an extraordinary scene: a majestic whale spending an hour in graceful communion with swimmers. The Video In a mesmerizing display of the harmonious coexistence between humans and marine giants, a recent drone video has captured the awe-inspiring moment when …

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In the vast expanse of the ocean, there are few sights as awe-inspiring as a humpback whale breaching. Now imagine not one, but three of these majestic creatures launching themselves out of the water in flawless harmony. A recent video capturing this rare synchronization has left viewers spellbound. This isn’t just a visual treat; it’s …

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Dive into the mesmerizing world of the blue whale, the ocean’s gentle giant, and discover the awe-inspiring beauty of nature’s largest creature. Let’s embark on the time a few lucky whale watchers encounter a 100-ft-Long Blue Whale.  The Scene The ocean’s vastness holds many secrets; among them are the majestic creatures that call it home. …

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Explore an enchanting drone clip capturing a once-in-a-lifetime encounter between a swimmer and three gentle orcas at Hahei Beach in 2019. This heartwarming interaction challenges misconceptions about “killer whales” and calls for ocean conservation to protect these majestic marine beings and their natural habitats. Key Points 1. Witnessing this enchanting interaction invites us to appreciate …

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Discover the Thrilling Bubble Net Feeding Behavior of Humpback Whales—a mesmerizing display of teamwork as they trap and corral their prey using strategic bubbles. Witnessing this intelligent hunting technique showcases these marine giants’ remarkable social dynamics and adaptability, urging us to protect their habitats for generations to come. Want to jump ahead? Click below Introduction: …

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Witness the heartwarming tale of a distressed stranded orca rescue on the rocks and how a community’s compassion and ingenious rescue efforts united with nature to save a majestic marine giant. Want to jump ahead? Click below Introduction In the vast and unforgiving ocean, the orca, the killer whale, is an apex predator. Weighing between …

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The Amazon River dolphin, or Boto or Pink Dolphin, is a distinctive creature in Brazil’s rainforest with a history spanning 50 million years. However, it faces endangerment due to overfishing, pollution and habitat loss, despite its incredible resilience. In this article, we delve into this curious creature’s unique adaptations and behaviors, shedding light on its …

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Are Orcas Sexist? Discovering the Matriarchal Secrets of Orcas and how the mothers protect their sons but leave their daughters to fend for themselves. Want to jump ahead? Click below Introduction: Discovering the Matriarchal Secrets In the vast expanse of the oceans, the mesmerizing world of killer whales unfolds with intriguing complexities. Recent research has …

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Get ready to explore the awe-inspiring world of the largest sperm whale in the world. These mighty creatures have long captured the imagination of scientists and nature enthusiasts alike with their legendary diving abilities and colossal size. Sperm whales can grow up to a massive 67 feet long and weigh over 50 tons, making them …

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Our expert-vetted content is grounded in current scientific publications, yet we acknowledge science’s ever-evolving nature. Read our full editorial and disclosure policy.  Introduction Taking a look into orcas (Orcinus orca) hunting sharks in South Africa. A deadly duo of orcas (also known as killer whales) has been identified as the initial killers of sharks in South Africa. While they …

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Do you know how dolphins use echolocation to navigate and hunt? Let’s find out. Echolocation is a fascinating biological phenomenon that allows certain animals to use sound waves to navigate their environment. This remarkable ability has evolved in numerous species, including some marine mammals, that depend on it for survival. Dolphins are fascinating marine mammals, …

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Have you ever wondered who the loudest creature on Earth is? If that’s the case, then it’s the perfect opportunity to encounter the magnificent blue whale. This extraordinary marine creature calls our oceans home and never fails to leave us in awe with its immense proportions. Believe it or not, its powerful call can reach …

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Looking for the Best Places to See Humpback Whale? Whales are some of the world’s most loved marine life; they are clever, vast, and beautiful. Sighting a Humpback whale in the wild is exceptional, as these gentile giants are sought after in some areas of the world for their meat and fat as a delicacy. …

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