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Animals That Start With G

Ghost crab on beach sand
Ghost crab on beach sand. Image via Hornbaker Chelsi, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Welcome to animals that start with G.

Animals that begin with the letter G are pretty fascinating. Some are common, and we see them every day, others might be pets and some might even be unkown to us! I hope you learn something new from this list. Let’s begin.

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Overview of Animals That Start With G

1. Gaboon Viper

Gaboon  viper
This is the heaviest viper, and also has the longest fangs and most venom. Image via Gibsons, B.C., Canada, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameBitis gabonica
Where It Livesrainforests and nearby woodlands
What It EatsTheir diet mainly consists of small and medium-sized mammals and birds
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Fun Fact: One eye of the Gaboon Viper can look forward while the other eye is facing backward.

You can find this venomous snake in sub-Saharan Africa in moist and warm habitats. It is nocturnal, and it takes a lot to provoke it, making bites quite rare. When it does bite, it doesn’t let go quickly.

The snake’s neck is narrow, but its head is massive, broad, and shaped like a leaf. It also has horns between its nostrils. It is the largest venomous snake in Africa.

2. Galapagos Penguin

Galapagos Penguin
Galápagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) standing on dark rock .Images via Mike Weston, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameSpheniscus mendiculus
Where It LivesEndemic to the Galapagos Islands
What It EatsTheir diet consists mostly of small schooling fish
Conservation StatusEndangered on the IUCN Red List

Fun Fact: Both Galapagos Penguin parents incubate the eggs and feed the chicks

This penguin is unique. It looks like a regular penguin, but one significant difference in appearance is the curved stripe of white feathers along the sides of the head and the breast area. It lives in warmer climates.

3. Garden Eel

Garden eel
When you approach garden eels when you approach they dig themselves in the sand. Image via Serge Melki from Indianapolis, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameHeteroconger
Where It LivesTropical and subtropical waters, living in sandy burrows on the ocean floor
What It EatsPlankton and other small particles drifting in the water
Conservation StatusNot listed as endangered, but specific conservation status may vary by species

Fun Fact: Female Garden Eels can change their sex if there are few or no males in the colony.

This carnivorous aquatic animal spends most of its time with its tail in the sand. It never entirely comes out, making it look like grass. It is an opportunistic feeder that waits for food to come to it.

The Garden Eels have big eyes, sharp teeth, a short nose, and one fin. Its body is long and slim.

4. Garter Snake

Garter snake in long grass
Aquatic Garter Snake at Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve, Oakland, CA. Image via Sarah Stierch, CC BY 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameThamnophis
Where It LivesDiverse habitats ranging from woodlands and meadows to marshes across North America
What It EatsAmphibians, earthworms, leeches, slugs, and sometimes small fish
Conservation StatusGenerally not endangered, with a stable population

Fun Fact: The Garter Snake’s bite released a neurotoxin that is too mild to cause any reaction in humans.

This is North America’s most common snake. It is also called a garden snake because it is commonly found in gardens. Many people use garter snakes as a pest control method.

5. Gazelle

Close up shot of a baby gazelle
Mhorr Gazelle (Gazella dama mhorr) Close Up at the Louisville Zoo. Image via Ltshears, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameGazella
Where It LivesVarious species occupy different habitats, including savannas, grasslands, and deserts in Africa and Asia
What It EatsGrasses, leaves, and shoots
Conservation StatusVaries by species, with some like the Dama Gazelle being critically endangered

Fun Fact: A gazelle is capable of leaping up to 10 feet high and can reach speeds of 60 mph in brief sprints.

Gazelles can be found in Africa and Asia. Unlike other antelope species, only males have horns, both male and female gazelles possess long, curved horns.

These species are critically endangered.

6. Geoffroy’s Tamarin

Close up shot of a Geoffroys tamarin
Geoffroy’s tamarins enjoy eating fruit. Image by Charles J. Sharp, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameSaguinus geoffroyi
Where It LivesForests of Panama and Colombia
What It EatsFruits, insects, and small vertebrates
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Fun Fact: Geoffroy’s Tamarin can jump 16 feet from one treetop to another.

This mammal has a thick stripe of white hair on its head. That, and the red section of fur at the back of its neck, make it very distinctive.

They are found in South and Central America and live in troops.

7. Gharial

Gharial in water
Gharial in Mahendra Chaudhary Zoological Park .Image via Theroadfiles, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameGavialis gangeticus
Where It LivesRiver systems of the northern part of the Indian subcontinent
What It EatsMainly fish, but also small crustaceans
Conservation StatusCritically Endangered

Fun Fact: Gharials have the largest eggs of all the crocodilian species.

Gharials can be found in Northern India and Nepal. These reptiles have plate-like scales that prevent sunburn and evaporation.

Their most distinguishing feature is their elongated, slender snout. Unlike other crocodilians, the gharial does not have strong hind legs to walk, so it remains in water most of the time. The male gharial has a bump on its snout that helps it blow bubbles. That is an act necessary in the ritual.

8. Ghost Crab

Image by Hornbaker Chelsi, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Public domain,, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameOcypode
Where It LivesSandy shores and beaches around the world
What It EatsOmnivorous diet, including small animals and detritus
Conservation StatusNot specifically listed, but populations are not currently believed to be under significant threat

Fun Fact: The eyestalks of the ghost crab can swivel 360 degrees.

Scientists call it the Ghost Crab because of its whiteness. Both the males and females have unequal sizes of claws.

It also possesses long and large eye stalks.

9. Giant Clam

Giant Clam found in national park
Tridacna giant clam in Komodo National Park. Image via Nhobgood Nick Hobgood, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameTridacna gigas
Where It LivesCoral reefs in the South Pacific and Indian Oceans
What It EatsPhotosynthetic algae (zooxanthellae) living in its tissues provide most of its nutrients through photosynthesis
Conservation StatusVulnerable

Fun Fact: They attach themselves to coral reefs and never detach.

These clams have a thick, heavy shell with fluted edges that protects the mantle, or soft tissue, inside it. The algae stored in this clam’s body is what makes its mantle colorful. 

It can be as long as 4 feet and as heavy as 500 lbs.

10. Giraffe

baby giraffe
Mother giraffe and baby walking in the grasslands. Image by Lisa H on Unsplash.
Scientific NameGiraffa camelopardalis
Where It LivesSavannas, grasslands, and open woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa
What It EatsLeaves, fruits, and flowers of woody plants, primarily acacia species
Conservation StatusVulnerable

Fun Fact: A Giraffe’s tongue can grow as long as 18 inches.

The Giraffe is a long-necked, hoofed mammal natively found in sub-Saharan Africa. The Giraffe is the tallest living animal on land.

The Giraffe tends to be white with unique brown or reddish markings that cover its body.

11. Glass Frog

Close up glass frog
Glass frog can cause medical breakthroughs. Image via depositphotos
Scientific NameCentrolenidae spp.
Where It LivesTrees and vegetation near rivers and streams in Central and South America
What It EatsInsects, including flies and ants
Conservation StatusMany species are considered threatened due to habitat loss and pollution

Fun Fact: In some species of Glass frogs, the beating heart can be seen through the translucent skin.

Glass frogs are beautiful, exotic frogs in South America, Southern Mexico, and Central America.

Glass frogs are usually tiny. The bodies are lime green on the top and transparent when viewed from underneath, revealing all their internal organs.

12. Glowworm

Glow worm on concrete
Orange glow worm on concrete. Image via Artelnjeru, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameKeroplatidae
Where It LivesFound in sheltered places such as dense woodlands, caves, and overhanging banks in various parts of the world
What It EatsGlowworm larvae are generally predatory, feeding on small insects
Conservation StatusNot globally assessed, but local populations can be affected by habitat destruction and pollution

Fun Fact: Only the female glow worms emit light.

Glowworms can produce light through entirely organic means, which is called bioluminescence. This light can be emitted as a series of flashes or as a constant glow, and it ranges in color between green, yellow, orange, and blue.

13. Goat

Goat standing on wood
Goat, located in Fiesch, Valais (Switzerland). Image via Kuebi = Armin Kübelbeck, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameCapra aegagrus hircus
Where It LivesDomesticated worldwide and adaptable to a wide range of environments
What It EatsBroad variety of vegetation, including leaves, twigs, shrubs, and grasses
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated species)

Fun Fact: Goats are great mountain climbers.

This is a widespread animal that has been domesticated for about 10,000 years for its milk and other by-products. It is found all over Africa, Europe, and Asia.

The goat is known for its large horns and beard.

14. Goblin Shark

Goblin shark
Head of a goblin shark with jaws extended .Image via Dianne Bray / Museum Victoria, CC BY 3.0 AU, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameMitsukurina owstoni
Where It LivesDeep sea habitats worldwide, often near continental shelves
What It EatsDeep-sea fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods
Conservation StatusLeast Concern, but data deficient in some regions

Fun Fact: The family of the Goblin Shark can be traced back 125 million years.

You can also call the Goblin shark a living fossil. This shark is easily identifiable by its long snout, protruding jaws, and semi-translucent skin.

Due to its semi-translucent nature, the skin may appear to be pink because its blood is visible through its skin. The older it gets, the darker it becomes.

15. Golden Masked Owl

Golden masked owl
Close up of a golden masked Owl. Image by Naturalis – Zoology and Geology catalogues, CC0,, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameTyto aurantia
Where It LivesFound in New Britain and New Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea
What It EatsSmall mammals, birds, and insects
Conservation StatusNot well-studied, but habitat loss is a potential threat

Fun Fact: This owl does not hoot; it screeches.

This owl inhabits tropical forests in New Britain and Papua New Guinea. Its heart-shaped, white face characterizes it.

It possesses strong legs and talons to scoop up prey from the ground.

16. Goldfish

Gold fish swimming in tank
Goldfish in a fish tank all gold fish all aren’t the same size. Image via myself, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Scientific NameCarassius auratus
Where It LivesDomesticated species found worldwide in aquariums and ponds
What It EatsPlant matter, insects, and small crustaceans
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated species)

Fun Fact: Goldfishes can live up to 40 years.

Goldfishes have been kept as pets for a very long time now. Their coppery gold color is found on no other fish, and they don’t have scales on their heads.

17. Gorilla

eastern gorilla
Endangered eastern gorilla in the beauty of african jungle. Image by Photocech via depositphotos
Scientific NameGorilla spp.
Where It LivesForests of central Sub-Saharan Africa
What It EatsPrimarily herbivorous, eating leaves, stems, fruits, and occasionally insects
Conservation StatusRanges from Critically Endangered to Endangered, depending on the subspecies

Fun Fact: Gorillas are one of the closest living relatives to humans, sharing 98 percent of their DNA.

Gorillas feature a black fur cover all over except for their faces. They have broad chests and muscular arms. A gorilla is four to six times stronger than a human.

Gorillas are shy unless they are threatened or harassed. They eat vegetables primarily.

18. Gray Fox

gray fox focused
Gray fox on snow. Image by Jonatan Pie via unsplash
Scientific NameNorth and Central America, in a variety of habitats including forest, shrubland, and dessert
Where It LivesNorth and Central America, in a variety of habitats including forest, shrubland, and deserts
What It EatsOmnivorous diet, including small mammals, insects, corn, fruits, and vegetables
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Fun Fact: The Gray Fox buries leftovers in the ground, marks it with urine, and comes back to dig it up.

The gray fox is distinct for its cat-like snout, short legs, retractable claws, and a coat of silvery gray fur.

Its retractable claws help it to climb trees.

19. Great White Shark

Great white
Great white breaching. Image by Mlbay via Pixabay
Scientific NameCarcharodon carcharias
Where It LivesCoastal surface waters in all major oceans
What It EatsLarge fish and marine mammals
Conservation StatusVulnerable

Fun Fact: They have bad eyesight and rely on their senses to hunt prey.

This is a large predatory fish and one of the most prolific man-eaters on the planet.

Sharks have a characteristic appearance with large, torpedo-shaped bodies and a pointed snout.

20. Grizzly Bear

A portrait of a wild grizzly bear.
A portrait of a wild grizzly bear. By Jean Beaufort. Image via, CC0,
Scientific NameUrsus arctos horribilis
Where It LivesNorth America, in habitats ranging from dense forests to subalpine meadows, open plains, and Arctic tundra
What It EatsOmnivorous, with a diet ranging from fish, mammals, and carrion to roots, berries, and grasses
Conservation StatusDepending on the region, they can range from Least Concern to more protected statuses due to declining populations

Fun Fact: Grizzly Bears have a better sense of smell than bloodhounds.

The Grizzly bear is a North American endangered species. It is notable for its short tail, short round ears, claws, and big brown body.

Its diet is 90 percent vegetarian.

Summary of Animals that Start With G

YouTube video
10 Animals beginning with G. Learn the names of 10 animals starting with the letter G. Source: Youtube, Uploaded: Saprize World

I hope you found this list exciting. It was wonderful sharing this with you. And we’ve got more. Take a look at this list of animals that start with p. Enjoy!

You might also like to read our other A-Z Animals. Here you go:

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